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border=0 width=368 height=78 id="_x0000_i1099" src=Image360.gif></span></p> <p>@5=>=852K9 8>= O2;O5BAO 2KA>:>@50:F8>==>A?>A>1=>9 G0AB8F59, :>B>@0O <>65B AB018;878@>20BLAO ;81> 70 AG5B ?@8A>548=5=8O =C:;5>D8;0, :0: MB> ?@>8AE>48B ?@8 M;5:B@>D8;L=>< ?@8A>548=5=88 : 0;:5=0<, ;81> ?CB5< >BI5?;5=8O ?@>B>=0 ?>4 459AB285< >A=>20=8O. >A;54=55 =0?@02;5=85 M=5@35B8G5A:8 1>;55 2K3>4=>, B0: :0: ?@82>48B : 2>AAB0=>2;5=8N 0@><0B8G5A:>9 A8AB5<K. <5==> >=> 8 @50;87C5BAO ?@8 0@><0B8G5A:>< M;5:B@>D8;L=>< 70<5I5=88 (AB048O 3). </p> <p>!B048O >1@07>20=8O <span style='font-family:Symbol'>p</span>-:><?;5:A0 ?@>B5:05B 1KAB@> 8 >1@0B8<> 8 =5 >?@545;O5B A:>@>ABL ?@>F5AA0 2 F5;><. ;O 1>;LH8=AB20 @50:F89 M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> A:>@>ABL->?@545;ONI59 O2;O5BAO AB048O >1@07>20=8O&nbsp; <span style='font-family:Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:A0. </p> <p>%>4 @50:F88 8 55 <5E0=87< 8;;NAB@8@C5B M=5@35B8G5A:0O 4803@0<<0, ?@54AB02;5==0O =0 @8A.18.1. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=600 height=358 id="_x0000_i1098" src=Image361.gif></span></p> <p><i> 8A.18.1. -=5@35B8G5A:0O 4803@0<<0 @50:F88 M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 0@><0B8G5A:>3> 70<5I5=8O.(<sub>0</sub>  M=5@388 0:B820F88, "  ?5@5E>4=K5 A>AB>O=8O A>>B25BAB2CNI8E AB0489)</i> </p> <p>1@07>20=85 0@5=>=852KE 8>=>2 :0: 8=B5@<5480B>2 2 @50:F8OE 0@><0B8G5A:>3> M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O ?>4B25@6405BAO M:A?5@8<5=B0<8 ?> 8E ?>;CG5=8N 2 AC?5@:8A;KE A@540E, 345 2 :0G5AB25 M;5:B@>D8;0 2KABC?05B <sup>+</sup>, 0 ?@>B82>8>=0<8 O2;ONBAO :><?;5:A=K5 8>=K A =87:>9 >A=>2=>ABLN.  A8AB5<0E ArH - HF-BF<sub>3 </sub>8;8 ArH-HF-SbF<sub>5 </sub>?@8 =87:>9 B5<?5@0BC@5 >1@07CNBAO 0@5=>=852K5 8>=K, AB@>5=85 :>B>@KE 1K;> CAB0=>2;5=> A ?><>ILN / -A?5:B@>A:>?88 =0 O4@0E <sup>1</sup> 8 <sup>13</sup>!. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=312 height=39 id="_x0000_i1097" src=Image362.gif></span></p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=323 height=39 id="_x0000_i1096" src=Image363.gif></span></p> <p>#AB>9G82>ABL <span style='font-family:Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:A>2 >G5=L A8;L=> 7028A8B >B G8A;0 8 ?@8@>4K 70<5AB8B5;59 2 15=7>;L=>< :>;LF5.<span style='font-size:10.0pt'> #</span>AB>9G82>ABL ?>2KH05BAO ?@8 =0;8G88 2 0@><0B8G5A:>< O4@5 M;5:B@>=>4>=>@=KE 70<5AB8B5;59, CG0AB2CNI8E 2 45;>:0;870F88 ?>;>68B5;L=>3> 70@O40, 0 B0:65 ?@8 =0;8G88 :><?;5:A=KE ?@>B82>8>=>2 B8?0 BF<sub>4</sub><sup>-</sup>8;8 <br> SbF<sub>6</sub><sup>- </sup>(A;01K5 >A=>20=8O). >4>1=>3> @>40 <span style='font-family:Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:AK 1K;8 70D8:A8@>20=K ?@8 =87:>9 B5<?5@0BC@5 4;O <=>38E @50:F89 M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O 2 0@><0B8G5A:>< :>;LF5. 865 ?@82>4OBAO =5:>B>@K5 =081>;55 B8?8G=K5 ?@8<5@K. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=520 height=110 id="_x0000_i1095" src=Image364.gif></span></p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=549 height=95 id="_x0000_i1094" src=Image365.gif></span></p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=313 height=115 id="_x0000_i1093" src=Image366.gif></span></p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=544 height=88 id="_x0000_i1092" src=Image367.gif></span></p> <p>;O <=>38E @50:F89 0@><0B8G5A:>3> M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O =01;N405BAO :>@@5;OF8O <564C CAB>9G82>ABLN <span style='font-family:Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:A0 8 A:>@>ABLN @50:F88. -B> >7=0G05B, GB> A:>@>ABL >?@545;O5BAO AB04859 >1@07>20=8O&nbsp; <span style='font-family:Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:A0 8&nbsp; <span style='font-family:Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:A O2;O5BAO E>@>H59 <>45;LN ?5@5E>4=>3> A>AB>O=8O. 1@07>20=85&nbsp; <span style='font-family:Symbol'>p</span>-:><?;5:A0 ?@54AB02;O5B A>1>9 1KAB@CN >1@0B8<CN AB048N, =5 >:07K20NICN ACI5AB25==>3> 2;8O=8O =0 A:>@>ABL @50:F88 2 F5;><. >6=> A>25@H5==> 045:20B=> >?8A0BL @50:F8N, 5A;8 87 :@82>9 ?>B5=F80;L=>9 M=5@388 (@8A.18.1) 8A:;NG8BL <span style='font-family:Symbol'>p</span>-:><?;5:A 8 @0AA<0B@820BL ;8HL ?>;>65=85&nbsp; <span style='font-family:Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:A0 =0 :>>@48=0B5 @50:F88. <br>  >1I5< A;CG05 @50:F8N M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O <>6=> ?@54AB028BL A;54CNI59 :8=5B8G5A:>9 AE5<>9 (157 CG5B0 >1@07>20=8O <span style='font-family:Symbol'>p</span>-:><?;5:A0) : </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=195 height=60 id="_x0000_i1091" src=Image368.gif></span></p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=254 height=42 id="_x0000_i1090" src=Image369.gif></span></p> <p>@8<5=OO ?@8=F8? AB0F8>=0@=>AB8, ?>;CG05< A;54CNI55 2K@065=85 4;O =01;N405<>9 A:>@>AB8: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=10 height=20 id="_x0000_i1089" src=Image370.gif></span><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=136 height=45 id="_x0000_i1088" src=Image371.gif></span></p> <p>7 MB>3> :8=5B8G5A:>3> C@02=5=8O 2KB5:0NB A;54CNI85 G0AB=K5 A;CG08. </p> <p>1) A;8 k<sub>2</sub>[B]&gt;&gt;k<sub>-1</sub>, B>, ?@5=51@530O ?5@2K< G;5=>< 2 7=0<5=0B5;5, 1C45< 8<5BL 2K@065=85 4;O A:>@>AB8: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=100 height=25 id="_x0000_i1087" src=Image372.gif></span></p> <p> MB>< A;CG05 A:>@>ABL->?@545;ONI59 AB04859 O2;O5BAO AB048O >1@07>20=8O <span style='font-family:Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:A0, GB> 8 =01;N405BAO 2 1>;LH8=AB25 @50:F89 M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O. </p> <p>2) A;8 k<sub>-1 </sub>&gt;&gt; k<sub>2</sub>[B], B>, ?@5=51@530O 2B>@K< G;5=>< 2 7=0<5=0B5;5, ?>;CG05< 2K@065=85 4;O A:>@>AB8: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=141 height=40 id="_x0000_i1086" src=Image373.gif></span></p> <p> MB>< A;CG05 ;8<8B8@CNI59 O2;O5BAO AB048O >B@K20 ?@>B>=0 >B <span style='font-family:Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:A0 8 4>;65= =01;N40BLAO :8=5B8G5A:89 87>B>?=K9 MDD5:B (70<5I5=85 2 459B5@8@>20==>< AC1AB@0B5 ?@>B5:05B <54;5==5, G5< 2 =5459B5@8@>20==><), B0: :0: 2 ;8<8B8@CNI59 AB0488 ?@>8AE>48B @07@K2 A2O78 !-. !B048O >BI5?;5=8O ?@>B>=0 >B&nbsp; <span style='font-family:Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:A0 <>65B AB0BL A:>@>ABL->?@545;ONI59 2 @57C;LB0B5 AB5@8G5A:8E 70B@C4=5=89, 2>7=8:0NI8E ?@8 ?>4E>45 >A=>20=8O : >BI5?;O5<><C ?@>B>=C, 8;8 ?@8 =87:>9 :>=F5=B@0F88 >A=>20=8O, >BI5?;ONI53> ?@>B>=. </p> <p>"0:8< >1@07><: </p> <ol start=1 type=1> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; mso-list:l0 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list 36.0pt'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>>;LH8=AB2> @50:F89 M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O 8<5NB >1I89 <5E0=87< ?@8A>548=5=8O - >BI5?;5=8O A >1@07>20=85< 2 :0G5AB25 =5AB018;L=KE :>@>B:>682CI8E 8=B5@<5480B>2 0@5=>=852KE 8>=>2 (</span><span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>s-</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:><?;5:A>2).<o:p></o:p></span></li> </ol> <ol start=2 type=1> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; mso-list:l0 level1 lfo3;tab-stops:list 36.0pt'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>@8 A<5H820=88 0@5=>2 A M;5:B@>D8;0<8 >1@07CNBAO A;01K5&nbsp; </span><span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>p</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>-:><?;5:AK, >4=0:> =5B =8 >4=>3> 15AA?>@=>3> A;CG0O, :>340 1K;> 1K B>G=> 4>:070=>, GB> ;8<8B8@CNI59 AB04859 2A59 @50:F88 O2;O5BAO >1@07>20=85 </span><span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>p</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>-:><?;5:A0.<o:p></o:p></span></li> </ol> <ol start=3 type=1> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; mso-list:l0 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list 36.0pt'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>!B048O >BI5?;5=8O ?@>B>=0 >B&nbsp; </span><span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>s</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>-:><?;5:A0 2> <=>38E A;CG0OE O2;O5BAO 1KAB@>9. 4=0:> 2 =5:>B>@KE A;CG0OE, =0?@8<5@, ?@8 =54>AB0B:5 >A=>20=8O, MB0 AB048O 70<54;O5BAO. ">340 =01;N405BAO :8=5B8G5A:89 87>B>?=K9 MDD5:B 2>4>@>40.<o:p></o:p></span></li> </ol> <p class=MsoNormal><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>2. <a name=@85=B0F8O>@85=B0F8O </a>8 @50:F8>==0O A?>A>1=>ABL</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><b><i>>=>70<5I5==K9 15=7>;</i></b> </p> <p> A;CG05 <>=>70<5I5==KE 15=7>;>2 C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>X @50:F8O <>65B ?@>B5:0BL 1KAB@55 8;8 <54;5==55, G5< A A0<8< 15=7>;>< 8, :@><5 B>3>, 2>7<>6=> >1@07>20=85 B@5E @07=KE ?@>4C:B>2 70<5I5=8O  <i>>@B>, <5B0</i> 8 <i>?0@0</i>. <br> ;8O=85 8<5NI53>AO 2 15=7>;L=>< :>;LF5 70<5AB8B5;O =0 A:>@>ABL 8 =0?@02;5=85 M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O <>6=> >1JOA=8BL 8AE>4O 87 53> M;5:B@>==KE MDD5:B>2. ! CG5B>< B0:>3> 2;8O=8O 70<5AB8B5;8 45;OB =0 B@8 3@C??K. </p> <ol start=1 type=1> <ol start=1 type=1> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo5;tab-stops:list 72.0pt'><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:B828@CNI85 >@B>-,?0@0->@85=B0=BK:</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></li> </ol> </ol> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=638 style='width:478.5pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;margin-left:72.0pt;mso-yfti-tbllook: 1184;mso-padding-alt:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="50%" valign=top style='width:50.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>;:8;</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="50%" valign=top style='width:50.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>+I<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1'> <td width="50%" valign=top style='width:50.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>NR<sub>2</sub>, NHR, NH<sub>2</sub>, OH, OR, C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>, CH=CH<sub>2</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="50%" valign=top style='width:50.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>+M&gt;-I<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:2;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="50%" valign=top style='width:50.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>O <sup> &nbsp;</sup><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="50%" valign=top style='width:50.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>+M; +I<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <ol start=1 type=1> <ol start=2 type=1> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo5;tab-stops:list 72.0pt'><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>570:B828@CNI85>@B>-,?0@0->@85=B0=BK:</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></li> </ol> </ol> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=638 style='width:478.5pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;margin-left:72.0pt;mso-yfti-tbllook: 1184;mso-padding-alt:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="50%" valign=top style='width:50.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>F, Cl, Br, I&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="50%" valign=top style='width:50.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>+M&lt; -I<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <ol start=1 type=1> <ol start=3 type=1> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo5;tab-stops:list 72.0pt'><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>570:B828@CNI85 <5B0->@85=B0=BK</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></li> </ol> </ol> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=638 style='width:478.5pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="50%" valign=top style='width:50.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>NO<sub>2, </sub>CN, SO<sub>3</sub>H, COR, COOH, COOR&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="50%" valign=top style='width:50.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>-M, -I<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="50%" valign=top style='width:50.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>CCl<sub>3</sub>, R<sub>3</sub>N<sup>+</sup><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="50%" valign=top style='width:50.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>-I<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>0<5AB8B5;8, >B=>AOI85AO : 3@C??0< 1 8 2, =07K20NB <i>>@85=B0=B0<8 I @>40</i>. 0<5AB8B5;8 87 3@C??K 3  <i>>@85=B0=BK II @>40</i>. </p> <p>:B828@CNI85 70<5AB8B5;8 CA:>@ONB @50:F8N.  =8< >B=>AOBAO M;5:B@>=>4>=>@=K5 70<5AB8B5;8, :>B>@K5 70AG5B +I- 8;8 +-MDD5:B0 ?>2KH0NB >A=>2=>ABL 0@><0B8G5A:>3> :>;LF0. -;5:B@>=>0:F5?B>@=K5 70<5AB8B5;8 >:07K20NB 4570:B828@CNI55 2;8O=85. </p> <p>@85=B0F8N M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O 2 15=7>;L=>< :>;LF5 >1JOA=ONB A B>G:8 7@5=8O AB018;L=>AB8 >1@07CNI53>AO 2 :0G5AB25 ?@><56CB>G=>9 G0AB8FK 0@5=>=852>3> 8>=0. @8 MB>< ?@54?>;030NB, GB> ?5@5E>4=>5 A>AB>O=85 <54;5==>9 AB0488 ?> AB@C:BC@5 1;87:> 8;8 845=B8G=> 0@5=>=852><C 8>=C (<span style='font-family: Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:AC). 0<5AB8B5;L % 2 <>;5:C;5 !<sub>6</sub><sub>5</sub>% <>65B AB018;878@>20BL 8;8 45AB018;878@>20BL MB>B 8=B5@<5480B (48=0<8G5A:85 M;5:B@>==K5 MDD5:BK 70<5AB8B5;O % 2;8ONB =0 M=5@35B8G5A:CN 2K3>4=>ABL >1@07>20=8O <span style='font-family:Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:A0). </p> <p> 0AA<>B@8< 2;8O=85 A8;L=KE 0:B828@CNI8E 70<5AB8B5;59 =0 ?@8<5@5 M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O 2 0=87>;5. ;O <i>>@B></i>- 8 <i>?0@0</i>-70<5I5=8O 2 0=87>;5 3@0=8G=K5 D>@<C;K 0@5=>=852>3> 8>=0 I,II 8 V,VI ?@54AB02;ONB A>1>9 2B>@8G=K5 :0@1>:0B8>=K, 0 AB@C:BC@K III 8 VII  B@5B8G=K5. @><5 B>3>, 2>7<>6=K 3@0=8G=K5 AB@C:BC@K (IV,VIII), 345 ?>;>68B5;L=K9 70@O4 4>?>;=8B5;L=> AB018;878@>20= 70 AG5B CG0AB8O =5?>45;5==>9 ?0@K M;5:B@>=>2 0B><0 :8A;>@>40 !<sub>3</sub>-3@C??K A >1@07>20=85< >:A>=852>9 AB@C:BC@K: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=525 height=263 id="_x0000_i1085" src=Image374.gif></span></p> <p>!B018;870F8O 0@5=>=852>3> :0B8>=0 70 AG5B +-MDD5:B0 !<sub>3</sub>-3@C??K >1;53G05B 70<5I5=85 2 <i>>@B></i>- 8 <i>?0@0-</i>?>;>65=8OE 0=87>;0 ?> A@02=5=8N A 15=7>;>< 8 >@85=B8@C5B 2E>4OICN 3@C??C  8<5==> 2 MB8 420 ?>;>65=8O :>;LF0. ;O <i><5B0</i>-70<5I5=8O 2 0=87>;5 ?>4>1=0O AB018;870F8O =52>7<>6=0, B0: :0: =8 2 >4=>9 87 3@0=8G=KE D>@<C; ?>;>68B5;L=K9 70@O4 =5 =0E>48BAO C 0B><0 C3;5@>40, =5ACI53> <5B>:A83@C??C. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=429 height=110 id="_x0000_i1084" src=Image375.gif></span></p> <p>>;55 B>3>, 4;O 0=87>;0 <i><5B0</i>-0@5=>=852K9 8>= 45AB018;878@>20= ?> A@02=5=8N A F8:;>35:A0485=8;L=K< :0B8>=>< 70 AG5B (-I)-MDD5:B0 !<sub>3</sub>-3@C??K. !>>B25BAB2CNI85 M=5@35B8G5A:85 :@82K5 4;O <i>>@B>-, ?0@0-</i> 8 <i><5B0</i>-70<5I5=8O 2 0=87>;5, 0 B0:65 :@820O 4;O 15=7>;0 ?@82545=K =0 @8A.18.2. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=313 height=164 id="_x0000_i1083" src=Image376.gif></span></p> <p> 8A.18.2.<b> </b><i>!5;5:B82=>ABL M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O 2 0=87>;5.</i> </p> <p>=0;>38G=0O :0@B8=0 =01;N405BAO 4;O 70<5I5=8O 2 D5=>;5, 0=8;8=5, <>=>- 8 480;:8;0=8;8=0E 8 4@C38E 0@5=0E, A>45@60I8E 70<5AB8B5;8, :>B>@K5 ?@>O2;ONB +-MDD5:B, ?@52KH0NI89 ?> A8;5  I-MDD5:B. </p> <p>;O >@B>- 8 ?0@0-70<5I5=8O 2 B>;C>;5 8 4@C38E 0;:8;15=7>;>2 425 3@0=8G=K5 D>@<C;K 0@5=>=852>3> 8>=0 A>>B25BAB2CNB 2B>@8G=><C :0@1>:0B8>=C, 0 B@5BLO - B@5B8G=><C, AB018;878@>20==><C 70 AG5B 38?5@:>=LN30F88 A <5B8;L=>9 3@C??>9. >MB><C ?5@5E>4=>5 A>AB>O=85 4;O >@B>- 8 ?0@0-70<5I5=8O 2 B>;C>;5 >1;0405B <5=LH59 M=5@3859 ?> A@02=5=8N A ?5@5E>4=K< A>AB>O=85< 4;O 70<5I5=8O 2 15=7>;5, 345 2A5 B@8 3@0=8G=K5 AB@C:BC@K >B25G0NB 2B>@8G=K< :0@1>:0B8>=0<. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=252 height=105 id="_x0000_i1082" src=Image377.gif></span></p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=306 height=84 id="_x0000_i1081" src=Image378.gif></span></p> <p>;O <i><5B0</i>-70<5I5=8O 2 B>;C>;5 2A5 B@8 3@0=8G=K5 AB@C:BC@K A>>B25BAB2CNB 2B>@8G=K< :0@1>:0B8>=0<. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=319 height=100 id="_x0000_i1080" src=Image379.gif></span></p> <p>0640O 87 MB8E 3@0=8G=KE AB@C:BC@ AB018;878@>20=0 (+I)-MDD5:B>< !<sub>3</sub>-3@C??K, => MB0 AB018;870F8O =525;8:0. >MB><C <i><5B0</i>-?>;>65=85 2 B>;C>;5 1>;55 0:B82=> 2 @50:F8OE 70<5I5=8O ?> A@02=5=8N A 15=7>;><, => <5=55 0:B82=>, G5< 53> <i>>@B></i>- 8 <i>?0@0</i>-?>;>65=8O. !>>B25BAB2CNI85 M=5@35B8G5A:85 :@82K5 4;O @50:F89 70<5I5=8O 2 <i>>@B></i>- 8 <i><5B0</i>-?>;>65=8O B>;C>;0 ?> A@02=5=8N A 15=7>;>< ?@82545=K =0 @8A.18.3. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=313 height=164 id="_x0000_i1079" src=Image380.gif></span></p> <p> 8A.18.3. <i>!5;5:B82=>ABL M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O 2 B>;C>;5.</i> </p> <p>;8O=85 <i><5B0</i>->@85=B8@CNI8E 70<5AB8B5;59 ?@>8;;NAB@8@C5< =0 ?@8<5@5 =8B@>15=7>;0. 865 ?@82545=K 3@0=8G=K5 D>@<C;K 0@5=>=852>3> 8>=0 4;O <i>>@B>-, ?0@0-</i> 8 <i><5B0</i>-70<5I5=8O 2 =8B@>15=7>;5. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=324 height=97 id="_x0000_i1078" src=Image381.gif></span></p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=317 height=120 id="_x0000_i1077" src=Image382.gif></span></p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=328 height=105 id="_x0000_i1076" src=Image383.gif></span></p> <p>> 2A5E 3@0=8G=KE D>@<C;0E ?@>8AE>48B A8;L=>5 M;5:B@>AB0B8G5A:>5 >BB0;:820=85 <564C :0@1>:0B8>==K< F5=B@>< 8 ?>;>68B5;L=K< :>=F>< 48?>;O A2O78 !<sup><span style='font-family:Symbol'>d</span>+</sup> -NO<sub>2</sub><sup> </sup><sup><span style='font-family:Symbol'>d</span>-</sup><sub> </sub>. >MB><C 2A5 ?>;>65=8O 2 =8B@>15=7>;5 4570:B828@>20=K ?> A@02=5=8N A 15=7>;><. 081>;55 A8;L=0O 4570:B820F8O 4>;6=0 =01;N40BLAO 4;O <i>>@B></i>- 8 <i>?0@0</i>-70<5I5=8O, ?>A:>;L:C 745AL 2 >4=>9 87 3@0=8G=KE D>@<C; ?>;>68B5;L=> 70@O65=K A>A54=85 0B><K C3;5@>40 8 07>B0. @8 <i><5B0</i>-70<5I5=88 420 ?>;>68B5;L=KE 70@O40 2A5340 @0745;5=K >4=8< 8;8 1>;LH8< G8A;>< 0B><>2 C3;5@>40. -B> >7=0G05B, GB> <i><5B0-</i>70<5I5=85 2 =8B@>15=7>;5 4570:B828@>20=> 2 <5=LH59 AB5?5=8 ?> A@02=5=8N A <i>>@B></i>- 8 <i>?0@0-</i>70<5I5=85<. !;54>20B5;L=>, ?@8 >1I59 4570:B820F88 ?@5>1;0405B <i><5B0</i>->@85=B0F8O (@8A.18.4). >4>1=>5 2;8O=85 >:07K20NB 8 4@C385 (-)-70<5AB8B5;8 (!, ! 8 B.?.). </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=310 height=164 id="_x0000_i1075" src=Image384.gif></span></p> <p> 8A.18.4. <i>!5;5:B82=>ABL M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O 2 =8B@>15=7>;5.</i> </p> <p>=><0;L=>5 ?>2545=85 30;>35=>2 (4570:B828@CNI55 459AB285 8 <i>>@B>,?0@0</i>->@85=B0F8O) A2O70=> A ?@5>1;040=85< C MB8E 70<5AB8B5;59 >B@8F0B5;L=>3> 8=4C:B82=>3> MDD5:B0 =04 ?>;>68B5;L=K< <57><5@=K<. @8 70<5I5=88 2 <i><5B0</i>-?>;>65=88 :0@1>:0B8>=K, A>>B25BAB2CNI85 ?5@2K< 42C< 3@0=8G=K< D>@<C;0<, A8;L=> 45AB018;878@>20=K 70 AG5B M;5:B@>AB0B8G5A:>3> 2708<>459AB28O :0@1>:0B8>==>3> F5=B@0 A ?>;>68B5;L=K< :>=F>< 48?>;O A2O78 C3;5@>4-30;>35=. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=308 height=105 id="_x0000_i1074" src=Image385.gif></span></p> <p>>MB><C <i><5B0</i>-70<5I5=85 2 30;>35=15=7>;0E A8;L=> 4570:B828@>20=> ?> A@02=5=8N A 15=7>;><. @0=8G=K5 AB@C:BC@K 4;O 70<5I5=8O 2 <i>>@B></i>- 8 <i>?0@0</i>-?>;>65=8O B0:65 45AB018;878@>20=K ?> A@02=5=8N A 15=7>;>< M;5:B@>AB0B8G5A:8< 2708<>459AB285< 48?>;O C3;5@>4-30;>35= A :0@1>:0B8>==K< F5=B@><. 4=0:> 2 >4=>9 87 3@0=8G=KE AB@C:BC@ 4;O 70<5I5=8O 2 <i>>@B></i>- 8 <i>?0@0</i>-?>;>65=8OE @50;87C5BAO AB@C:BC@0 <span style='font-family:Symbol'>a</span>-30;>35=70<5I5==>3> :0@1>:0B8>=0, 2 :>B>@>< 2>7<>6=0 45;>:0;870F8O ?>;>68B5;L=>3> 70@O40 70 AG5B +-MDD5:B0 30;>35=0. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=348 height=113 id="_x0000_i1073" src=Image386.gif></span></p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=420 height=96 id="_x0000_i1072" src=Image387.gif></span></p> <p>0;>35=>=852K5 8>=K <5=55 AB018;L=K, G5< >:A>=852K5 8;8 8<8=852K5 8>=K 8 2:;04 MB>9 AB@C:BC@K =5 :><?5=A8@C5B 45AB018;878@CNI89 MDD5:B M;5:B@>AB0B8G5A:>3> >BB0;:820=8O 48?>;O !<sup><span style='font-family:Symbol'>d</span>+</sup> -%<sup><span style='font-family:Symbol'>d</span>-</sup> A :0@1>:0B8>==K< F5=B@><. >MB><C ?@8 >1I59 4570:B820F88 0@5=0 8<55B <5AB> O@:> 2K@065==K9 <i>>@B>-,?0@0</i>->@85=B8@CNI89 MDD5:B 0B><0 30;>35=0 (@8A.18.5). </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=326 height=164 id="_x0000_i1071" src=Image388.gif></span></p> <p> 8A.18.5. <i>!5;5:B82=>ABL M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O 2 E;>@15=7>;5.</i> <br> &nbsp; </p> <p><a name=$0:B>@K><b>$0:B>@K </b></a><b>?0@F80;L=KE A:>@>AB59.</b> </p> <p>;O :>;8G5AB25==>9 E0@0:B5@8AB8:8 >@85=B8@CNI53> 2;8O=8O 70<5AB8B5;59 8A?>;L7CNB <i>D0:B>@K ?0@F80;L=>9 A:>@>AB8</i>, B.5. >B=>H5=85 A:>@>AB8 70<5I5=8O 2 >?@545;5==>5 ?>;>65=85 0@><0B8G5A:>3> O4@0 2 !<sub>6</sub><sub>5</sub>% : A:>@>AB8 70<5I5=8O 2 >4=> ?>;>65=85 2 15=7>;5. $0:B>@K ?0@F80;L=>9 A:>@>AB8 2K@060NB G5@57 :>=AB0=BK A:>@>AB59 70<5I5=8O ?> 2A5< ?>;>65=8O< 2 !<sub>6</sub><sub>5</sub>% (<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=53 height=25 id="_x0000_i1070" src=Image389.gif></span>) 8 2 15=7>;5 (<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=45 height=25 id="_x0000_i1069" src=Image390.gif></span>) 8 4>;N :064>3> 87><5@0 2 ?@>4C:B5 @50:F88 2 ?@>F5=B0E (z) A CG5B>< AB0B8AB8G5A:>9 ?>?@02:8 =0 G8A;> >48=0:>2KE @50:F8>==KE F5=B@>2 2 <>;5:C;0E 15=7>;0 (A>45@68B 6 >48=0:>2KE @50:F8>==KE F5=B@>2) 8 !<sub>6</sub><sub>5</sub>% (A>45@68B ?> 420 >48=0:>2KE <i>>@B>-</i>?>;>65=8O (C=2) 8 <i><5B0</i>-?>;>65=8O (C=2) 8 >4=> <i>?0@0</i>-?>;>65=85 (C=1)). </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=125 height=52 id="_x0000_i1068" src=Image391.gif></span></p> <p>0?@8<5@, 2 C:ACA=>< 0=384@845 ?@8 30<sup>></sup>! B>;C>; =8B@C5BAO 2 27 @07 1KAB@55 15=7>;0 (<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=53 height=25 id="_x0000_i1067" src=Image389.gif></span>/<span style='mso-no-proof: yes'><img border=0 width=45 height=25 id="_x0000_i1066" src=Image390.gif></span>= 27) 8 >1@07C5BAO 58.1% <i>>@B></i>-=8B@>B>;C>;0, 38.2% <i>?0@0</i>-=8B@>B>;C>;0 8 3.7% <i><5B0</i>-=8B@>B>;C>;0; >BAN40: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=108 height=41 id="_x0000_i1065" src=Image392.gif></span>= 47;&nbsp;<span style='mso-no-proof: yes'><img border=0 width=144 height=41 id="_x0000_i1064" src=Image393.gif></span>;&nbsp;<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=132 height=41 id="_x0000_i1063" src=Image394.gif></span> </p> <p>865 ?@82545=K D0:B>@K ?0@F80;L=KE A:>@>AB59 f<sub>o</sub>, f<sub>m</sub>, f<sub>? </sub>4;O =8B@>20=8O =5:>B>@KE <>=>70<5I5==KE ?@872>4=KE 15=7>;0. =0G5=8O f&gt;1 >7=0G0NB 0:B820F8N 40==>3> ?>;>65=8O 2 70<5I5==>< 15=7>;5 ?> A@02=5=8N A =570<5I5==K< 15=7>;><; 7=0G5=8O f&lt;1 >7=0G0NB 4570:B820F8N. -B8 40==K5 =0E>4OBAO 2 E>@>H5< A>>B25BAB288 A :0G5AB25==K<8 ?@54AB02;5=8O<8 >1 >@85=B0F88, :>B>@K5 @0AA<>B@5=K 2KH5. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=429 height=99 id="_x0000_i1062" src=Image395.gif></span></p> <p>=0G5=8O D0:B>@>2 ?0@F80;L=KE A:>@>AB59 7028AOB B0:65 >B ?@8@>4K 0B0:CNI53> M;5:B@>D8;0. '5< =865 0:B82=>ABL M;5:B@>D8;0, B5< 1>;LH5 @07;8G85 2 7=0G5=8OE f<sub>?</sub> 8 f<sub><</sub> 8 B5< 1>;55 @538>A5;5:B82=0 @50:F8O (A<. B01;.18.1) </p> <p><i>"01;8F0 18.1. B=>A8B5;L=K5 A:>@>AB8 @50:F88 8 D0:B>@K ?0@F80;L=KE A:>@>AB59 f<sub>> </sub>, f<sub><</sub>, f<sub>? </sub>4;O 206=59H8E @50:F89 M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O 2 B>;C>;5 (AB0=40@B-15=7>;)</i> </p> <div align=center> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=1 cellpadding=0 width=593 style='width:444.75pt; mso-cellspacing:1.5pt;border:outset black 1.0pt;mso-border-alt:outset black .75pt; mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="43%" valign=top style='width:43.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> 50:F88<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>k<sub>>B= </sub>= k<sub>B>;C>;</sub>/k<sub>15=7>;</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="11%" valign=top style='width:11.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>f<sub>></sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="11%" valign=top style='width:11.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>f<sub>?</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="10%" valign=top style='width:10.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>f<sub><</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1'> <td width="43%" valign=top style='width:43.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>@><8@>20=85 (Br<sub>2</sub> 2 CH<sub>3</sub>COOH, 25<sup>>!)</sup><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>606</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="11%" valign=top style='width:11.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>600</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="11%" valign=top style='width:11.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>2420</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="10%" valign=top style='width:10.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>5,5</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:2'> <td width="43%" valign=top style='width:43.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>F5B8;8@>20=85 (CH<sub>3</sub>COCl, AlCl<sub>3</sub>, ClCH<sub>2</sub>CH<sub>2</sub>Cl, 25<sup>>!)</sup><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>128</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="11%" valign=top style='width:11.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>4,5</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="11%" valign=top style='width:11.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>749</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="10%" valign=top style='width:10.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>4,8</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:3'> <td width="43%" valign=top style='width:43.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>8B@>20=85 (HNO<sub>3</sub>, 2 CH<sub>3</sub>NO<sub>2</sub>, 25<sup>>!)</sup><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>20,5</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="11%" valign=top style='width:11.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>38,9</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="11%" valign=top style='width:11.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>45,7</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="10%" valign=top style='width:10.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>2,3</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:4'> <td width="43%" valign=top style='width:43.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>5B8;8@>20=85 (CH<sub>3</sub>Br, GaBr<sub>3</sub>, B>;C>;, 25<sup>></sup>!)<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>5,5</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="11%" valign=top style='width:11.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>9,5</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="11%" valign=top style='width:11.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>11,8</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="10%" valign=top style='width:10.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>1,7</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:5;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="43%" valign=top style='width:43.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>B@5B-CB8;8@>20=85&nbsp;</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p>(t-BuBr, GaBr<sub>3</sub>,B>;C>;)</p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>1,6</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="11%" valign=top style='width:11.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>0,0</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="11%" valign=top style='width:11.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>6,6</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="10%" valign=top style='width:10.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>1,6</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> </div> <p>:B82=>ABL M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 035=B0 ?>2KH05BAO >B <>;5:C;O@=>3> 1@><0 2 C:ACA=>9 :8A;>B5 : :><?;5:AC <i>B@5B</i>-1CB8;1@><840 A B@5E1@><8ABK< 30;;85< 2 @50:F88 0;:8;8@>20=8O ?> $@845;N-@0DBAC.  B0:>9 65 ?>A;54>20B5;L=>AB8 A=8605BAO A5;5:B82=>ABL M;5:B@>D8;L=KE 035=B>2. </p> <p><b><i>@85=B0F8O 70<5I5=8O ?@8 =0;8G88 =5A:>;L:8E 70<5AB8B5;59</i></b> </p> <p>@8 =0;8G88 42CE 3@C?? 2 15=7>;L=>< :>;LF5 2>7<>6=K A;CG08 A>3;0A>20==>9 8;8 =5A>3;0A>20==>9 >@85=B0F88. !>3;0A>20==0O >@85=B0F8O =01;N405BAO ?@8 =0;8G88 42CE >@85=B0=B>2 I-3> @>40 8;8 42CE >@85=B0=B>2 II-3> @>40 2 <i><5B0</i>-?>;>65=88 4@C3 : 4@C3C. !>3;0A>20==0O >@85=B0F8O B0:65 =01;N405BAO ?@8 =0;8G88 2 <i>?0@0</i>- 8;8 <i>>@B></i>-?>;>65=88 4@C3 : 4@C3C >@85=B0=B0 I-3> @>40 8 >@85=B0=B0 II-3> @>40. </p> <p>;O ?@82545==KE =865 4870<5I5==KE ?@>872>4=KE 15=7>;0 F8D@0<8 >1>7=0G5=K 2KE>4K <i>>@B>-, <5B0</i>- 8 <i>?0@0</i>-87><5@>2 2 @50:F88 =8B@>20=8O ?@8 A>3;0A>20==>9 >@85=B0F88 42CE 3@C??. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=406 height=110 id="_x0000_i1061" src=Image396.gif></span></p> <p>A;8 420 70<5AB8B5;O >@85=B8@CNB =5A>3;0A>20==>, B> 2A5340 ?@5>1;0405B >@85=B8@CNI89 MDD5:B 0:B828@CNI53> 70<5AB8B5;O. > A8;5 >@85=B8@CNI53> 2;8O=8O 70<5AB8B5;8 <>6=> @0A?>;>68BL 2 A;54CNI89 @O4: NH<sub>2</sub>, OH, NR<sub>2</sub>, O<sup>-</sup> &gt; OR, OCOR, NHCOR &gt; Alk, Ar &gt; Hal &gt; <5B0->@85=B0=BK. 0?@8<5@, ?@8 =8B@>20=88 =01;N405BAO A;54CNI55 @0A?@545;5=85 ?@>4C:B>2: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=254 height=99 id="_x0000_i1060" src=Image397.gif></span></p> <p>0:>=5F, 5A;8 ?@8 =5A>3;0A>20==>9 >@85=B0F88 >10 70<5AB8B5;O ?@8=04;560B : >4=><C :;0AAC, A;54C5B >6840BL >1@07>20=8O A;>6=>9 A<5A8 87><5@=KE ?@>4C:B>2. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=502 height=103 id="_x0000_i1059" src=Image398.gif></span></p> <p>-B8 ?@028;0 =5>1E>48<> A>1;N40BL ?@8 2K1>@5 ?CB8 A8=B570 ?>;870<5I5==KE ?@>872>4=KE 15=7>;0. </p> <p><b>3. <a name=A=>2=K5>A=>2=K5 </a>@50:F88 M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O</b></p> <p><b><i>8B@>20=85</i></b> </p> <p> :0G5AB25 =8B@CNI8E 035=B>2 8A?>;L7CNB 07>B=CN :8A;>BC 2 A<5A8 A A5@=>9 :8A;>B>9 (=8B@CNICN A<5AL) 8;8 07>B=CN :8A;>BC 2 >@30=8G5A:8E @0AB2>@8B5;OE (C:ACA=>9 :8A;>B5, =8B@><5B0=5). 7 4@C38E @5035=B>2 A;54C5B C?><O=CBL A>;8 =8B@>=8O (NO<sub>2</sub><sup>+</sup>BF<sub>4</sub><sup>-</sup>, NO<sub>2</sub><sup>+</sup>ClO<sub>4</sub><sup>-</sup>)8 0F5B8;=8B@0B CH<sub>3</sub>C(O)ONO<sub>2</sub>. </p> <p>#AB0=>2;5=>, GB> 2 M;5:B@>D8;L=>< =8B@>20=88 =57028A8<> >B ?@8@>4K =8B@CNI53> 035=B0 0:B82=K< M;5:B@>D8;>< O2;O5BAO 8>= =8B@>=8O NO<sub>2</sub><sup>+</sup><sub> </sub>.  871KB:5 :>=F5=B@8@>20==>9 A5@=>9 :8A;>BK ?@>8AE>48B :>;8G5AB25==>5 ?@52@0I5=85 07>B=>9 :8A;>BK 2 384@>AC;LD0B =8B@>=8O, GB> 4>:070=> @07;8G=K<8 D878:>-E8<8G5A:8<8 <5B>40<8: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=389 height=41 id="_x0000_i1058" src=Image399.gif></span></p> <p> >BACBAB285 A5@=>9 :8A;>BK 8>= =8B@>=8O >1@07C5BAO 2 @57C;LB0B5 02B>?@>B>;870 07>B=>9 :8A;>BK. </p> <p>2HNO<sub>3</sub> <span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-char-type:symbol; mso-symbol-font-family:Symbol'><span style='mso-char-type:symbol;mso-symbol-font-family: Symbol'>=</span></span> NO + NO + H<sub>2</sub>O </p> <p>@8 8A?>;L7>20=88 2 :0G5AB25 @5035=B0 =8B@CNI59 A<5A8 :>=F5=B@0F8O 8>=>2 =8B@>=8O 2 @0AB2>@5 2A5340 4>AB0B>G=> 2KA>:0 8 ?@8 871KB:5 @5035=B0 ?>AB>O==0, ?>MB><C =8B@>20=85 <>6=> @0AA<0B@820BL :0: 42CEAB0489=K9 ?@>F5AA. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=500 height=108 id="_x0000_i1057" src=Image400.gif></span></p> <p>54;5==>9 AB04859 MB>3> 42CEAB0489=>3> ?@>F5AA0 O2;O5BAO >1@07>20=85 <span style='font-family:Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:A0. -B> 4>:07K205BAO >BACBAB285< :8=5B8G5A:>3> 87>B>?=>3> MDD5:B0 2>4>@>40 ?@8 =8B@>20=88 0@5=>2 8 459B5@>0@5=>2. 50:F8O 8<55B ?5@2K9 ?>@O4>: ?> AC1AB@0BC. </p> <p>@8 =8B@>20=88 07>B=>9 :8A;>B>9 2 >@30=8G5A:8E @0AB2>@8B5;OE >1@07>20=85 :0B8>=0 =8B@>=8O ?@>B5:05B 7=0G8B5;L=> <54;5==55.  MB>< A;CG05 4;O <0;>@50:F8>==>A?>A>1=KE AC1AB@0B>2 A:>@>ABL @50:F88 ?>-?@56=5<C >?@545;O5BAO AB04859 >1@07>20=8O&nbsp; <span style='font-family:Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:A0, 0 4;O 2KA>:>@50:F8>==>A?>A>1=KE A>548=5=89 AC<<0@=0O A:>@>ABL ?@>F5AA0 ;8<8B8@C5BAO A:>@>ABLN >1@07>20=8O :0B8>=0 =8B@>=8O.  ?>A;54=5< A;CG05 @50:F8O 8<55B =C;52>9 ?>@O4>: ?> AC1AB@0BC. </p> <p>570<5I5==K9 15=7>; >1KG=> =8B@CNB A<5ALN :>=F5=B@8@>20==KE 07>B=>9 8 A5@=>9 :8A;>B ?@8 45-50<sup>></sup>!. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=440 height=72 id="_x0000_i1056" src=Image401.gif></span></p> <p>;:8;15=7>;K =8B@C5BAO 2 1>;55 <O3:8E CA;>28OE, G5< 15=7>;. 0 ?@8<5@5 @50:F88 =8B@>20=8O 0;:8;15=7>;>2 >BG5B;82> ?@>A;568205BAO 2;8O=85 ?@>AB@0=AB25==KE D0:B>@>2 =0 =0?@02;5=85 M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O. "0:, ?@8 =8B@>20=88 B>;C>;0 <i>>@B></i>-87><5@ >1@07C5BAO 2 :0G5AB25 >A=>2=>3> ?@>4C:B0, 0 ?@8 ?5@5E>45 : MB8;-, 87>?@>?8;- 8 >A>15==> : <i>B@5B</i>-1CB8;15=7>;C 53> 2KE>4 ACI5AB25==> C<5=LH05BAO. </p> <p><i>"01;8F0 18.2. ;8O=85 ?@>AB@0=AB25=KE D0:B>@>2 =0 A>>B=>H5=85 >@B>-, ?0@0-87><5@>2 2 @50:F88 =8B@>20=8O (NO</i><sub>2</sub><sup>+</sup>) <br> &nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=1 cellpadding=0 width=629 style='width:471.75pt; mso-cellspacing:1.5pt;border:outset black 1.0pt;mso-border-alt:outset black .75pt; mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="25%" rowspan=2 valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>!<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>-R<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </td> <td width="75%" colspan=3 valign=top style='width:75.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>0<5I5=85 2 ?>;>65=8O, %<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>>@B>-</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>?0@0-</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><5B0-</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:2'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>-CH<sub>3</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>57<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>40<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>3<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:3'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>-C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>5</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>45<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>48<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>7<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:4'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>-CH(CH<sub>3</sub>)<sub>2</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>30<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>62<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>8<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:5;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>-C(CH<sub>3</sub>)<sub>3</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>12<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>79<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;border:inset black 1.0pt; mso-border-alt:inset black .75pt;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>9<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> 50:F88 =8B@>20=8O ?@>B5:0NB A5;5:B82=> ?> ?@>4C:BC <>=>70<5I5=8O, B0: :0: =8B@>3@C??0 4570:B828@C5B 0@><0B8G5A:>5 :>;LF>, A=860O A:>@>ABL 22545=8O 2B>@>3> 70<5AB8B5;O 2 10<sup>7</sup>@07. </p> <p><b><i>0;>35=8@>20=85</i></b> </p> <p> :0G5AB25 M;5:B@>D8;L=KE 30;>35=8@CNI8E 035=B>2 8A?>;L7CNBAO <>;5:C;O@=K5 30;>35=K 8;8 :><?;5:AK 30;>35=>2 A :8A;>B0<8 LN8A0 (FeCl<sub>3</sub>, FeBr<sub>3</sub>, AlCl<sub>3</sub>, AlBr<sub>3</sub>, 30;>35=84K Ga,Sb,Sn,TiCl<sub>4</sub> 8 4@.). </p> <p>0;>35=8@>20=85 <>;5:C;O@=K<8 30;>35=0<8 MDD5:B82=> ;8HL 4;O 0@5=>2 A 0:B828@CNI8<8 70<5AB8B5;O<8 2 O4@5 (?>;80;:8;15=7>;>2, D5=>;>2, ?@>ABKE MD8@>2 >4=>- 8 <=>3>0B><=KE D5=>;>2, 0@><0B8G5A:8E 0<8=>2). 5E0=87< E;>@8@>20=8O 0@5=>2 <>;5:C;O@=K< E;>@>< <>65B 1KBL ?@54AB02;5= A;54CNI59 AE5<>9. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=443 height=79 id="_x0000_i1055" src=Image402.gif></span></p> <p>0;>35=8@>20=85 <5=55 0:B82=KE AC1AB@0B>2 2>7<>6=> ?@8 :0B0;875 :8A;>B0<8 LN8A0, :>B>@K5 ?>;O@87CNB A2O7L 30;>35=-30;>35= 8 C25;8G820NB M;5:B@>D8;L=>ABL @5035=B0. B0:CNI8< 035=B>< 2 MB>< A;CG05, ?>-2848<><C, O2;O5BAO :><?;5:A <>;5:C;K 30;>35=0 A :8A;>B>9 LN8A0, =0?@8<5@, [Cl<sup><span style='font-family: Symbol'>d</span>+...</sup>Cl<sup>& </sup>FeCl<sub>3</sub><sup><span style='font-family:Symbol'>d</span>-</sup>]. 5 ?>;CG5=> ?@O<KE 4>:070B5;LAB2 CG0AB8O 2 MB8E @50:F8OE :0B8>=>2 Cl<sup>+</sup> 8;8 Br<sup>+</sup> :0: :8=5B8G5A:8 =57028A8<KE G0AB8F. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=585 height=120 id="_x0000_i1054" src=Image403.gif></span></p> <p>5=7>; E;>@8@C5BAO 8 1@><8@C5BAO 30;>35=0<8 2 ?@8ACBAB288 30;>35=84>2 65;570 ?@8 :><=0B=>9 B5<?5@0BC@5. A?>;L7>20=85 1>;55 0:B82=KE :0B0;870B>@>2 (30;>35=84>2 0;N<8=8O) 8 2KA>:8E B5<?5@0BC@ ?@82>48B : >1@07>20=8O 48- 8 ?>;830;>35=15=7>;>2. 2545=85 E;>@0 8;8 1@><0 2 15=7>;L=>5 :>;LF> C<5=LH05B A:>@>ABL 40;L=59H53> 70<5I5=8O =5 1>;55 G5< 2 7-8 @07. >MB><C E;>@8@>20=85 8 1@><8@>20=85 ?@>B5:0NB <5=55 A5;5:B82=> ?> ?@>4C:BC <>=>70<5I5=8O, G5< =8B@>20=85. </p> <p>">;C>; 2 @50:F8OE M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 30;>35=8@>20=8O ACI5AB25==> @50:F8>==>A?>A>1=55, G5< 15=7>;. @8 1@><8@>20=88 B>;C>;0 ?>;CG05BAO A<5AL <i>?0@0</i>- 8 <i>>@B></i>-87><5@>2 2 A>>B=>H5=88 ~2:1, 8 A>2A5< =5 ?>;CG05BAO <i><5B0</i>-87><5@0, 0 ?@8 E;>@8@>20=88 <i>>@B></i>- 8 <i>?0@0</i>-87><5@K >1@07CNBAO 2 ?@8<5@=> @02=KE :>;8G5AB20E. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=406 height=100 id="_x0000_i1053" src=Image404.gif></span></p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=406 height=100 id="_x0000_i1052" src=Image405.gif></span></p> <p>>;5:C;O@=K9 8>4 O2;O5BAO A;8H:>< A;01K< M;5:B@>D8;L=K< 035=B><. ">;L:> >G5=L 0:B82=K5 0@><0B8G5A:85 A>548=5=8O, B0:85, :0: 0@><0B8G5A:85 0<8=K 8;8 D5=>;OB-8>= @5038@CNB =5?>A@54AB25==> A I<sub>2</sub>.  :0G5AB25 1>;55 0:B82=>3> 8>48@CNI53> 035=B0 8=>340 8A?>;L7CNB E;>@84 8>40 ICl. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=312 height=103 id="_x0000_i1051" src=Image406.gif></span></p> <p>#4>1=K< <5B>4>< 8>48@>20=8O 0@><0B8G5A:8E A>548=5=89 O2;O5BAO 8A?>;L7>20=85 A<5A8 <>;5:C;O@=>3> 8>40 8 >:8A;8B5;59 (HIO<sub>4</sub>, HNO<sub>3</sub>). :8A;8B5;8 ?@52@0I0NB 8>4 2 :0B8>= I<sup>+</sup>, :>B>@K9 O2;O5BAO A8;L=K< M;5:B@>D8;L=K< @5035=B><. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=352 height=102 id="_x0000_i1050" src=Image407.gif></span></p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=315 height=91 id="_x0000_i1049" src=Image408.gif></span></p> <p>284C G@572KG09=>9 0:B82=>AB8 DB>@0, ?@O<>5 DB>@8@>20=85 ?@0:B8G5A:8 =5 ?@8<5=ONB 4;O 22545=8O DB>@0 2 0@><0B8G5A:>5 :>;LF>. </p> <p><b><i>!C;LD8@>20=85</i></b> </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=333 height=34 id="_x0000_i1048" src=Image409.gif></span></p> <p> :0G5AB25 AC;LD8@CNI8E @5035=B>2 8A?>;L7CNB 98-100%-=CN A5@=CN :8A;>BC (<>=>384@0B), 92-94%-=CN A5@=CN :8A;>BC (:C?>@>A=>5 <0A;>), 0 B0:65 >;5C<, A>45@60I89 >B 20-60% A5@=>3> 0=384@840. </p> <p> 0AB2>@K A5@=>9 :8A;>BK 8<5NB A;>6=K9 A>AB02 8 A>45@60B =5A:>;L:> ?>B5=F80;L=KE M;5:B@>D8;L=KE @5035=B>2, >B=>A8B5;L=>5 A>45@60=85 :>B>@KE 7028A8B >B A>>B=>H5=8O H<sub>2</sub>O/SO<sub>3</sub>. !G8B05BAO, GB> ?@8 :>=F5=B@0F88 A5@=>9 :8A;>BK =865 80% M;5:B@>D8;L=K< @5035=B>< O2;O5BAO H<sub>3</sub>SO<sub>4</sub><sup>+</sup> (<>;5:C;0 SO<sub>3</sub>, :>>@48=8@>20==0O A 8>=>< <sub>3</sub><sup>+</sup>). </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=334 height=39 id="_x0000_i1047" src=Image410.gif></span></p> <p>@8 :>=F5=B@0F8OE A5@=>9 :8A;>BK 2KH5 85% 2 :0G5AB25 M;5:B@>D8;0 2KABC?05B H<sub>2</sub>S<sub>2</sub>O<sub>7</sub> (<>;5:C;0 SO<sub>3</sub>, :>>@48=8@>20==0O A H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>). </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=234 height=34 id="_x0000_i1046" src=Image411.gif></span></p> <p>5E0=87< @50:F88 4;O >1>8E M;5:B@>D8;>2 <>65B 1KBL ?@54AB02;5= A;54CNI59 AE5<>9. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=444 height=115 id="_x0000_i1045" src=Image412.gif></span></p> <p>@8 AC;LD8@>20=88 >;5C<>< M;5:B@>D8;L=K< 035=B><, ?>-2848<><C, O2;O5BAO =5 A2O70==K9 2 :><?;5:A SO<sub>3</sub>. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=529 height=105 id="_x0000_i1044" src=Image413.gif></span></p> <p>B;8G8B5;L=>9 >A>15==>ABLN @50:F88 AC;LD8@>20=8O O2;O5BAO =0;8G85 ?5@28G=>3> 87>B>?=>3> MDD5:B0. -B> >7=0G05B, GB> >?@545;ONI59 A:>@>ABL AB04859 O2;O5BAO AB048O (2). @8G8=0 =0;8G8O 87>B>?=>3> MDD5:B0 A>AB>8B 2 >BACBAB288 2 @50:F8>==>9 A@545 A8;L=KE >A=>20=89, =5>1E>48<KE 4;O >BI5?;5=8O ?@>B>=0 >B&nbsp; <span style='font-family:Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:A0.  98-100%-=>9 H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4 </sub>8 >;5C<5 @>;L >G5=L A;01>3> >A=>20=8O 83@05B A0<0 H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>, GB> ?@82>48B : @57:><C C<5=LH5=8N A:>@>AB8 AB0488 (2). </p> <p> >B;8G85 >B 1>;LH8=AB20 @50:F89 M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O @50:F8O AC;LD8@>20=8O >1@0B8<0. >MB><C ?>;>65=85, 2 :>B>@>5 2ABC?05B AC;LD>3@C??0, 7028A8B >B CA;>289 @50:F88. "0:, ?@8 AC;LD8@>20=88 D5=>;0 ?@8 =87:8E B5<?5@0BC@0E (20<sup>0</sup>!, :8=5B8G5A:89 :>=B@>;L) >1@07C5BAO ?@81;878B5;L=> @02=>5 :>;8G5AB2> >@B>- 8 ?0@0-87><5@>2. 4=0:> ?@8 AC;LD8@>20=88 D5=>;0 ?@8 100<sup>></sup>! (B5@<>48=0<8G5A:89 :>=B@>;L) 2 @50:F8>==>9 A<5A8 ?@5>1;0405B 1>;55 AB018;L=K9 ?0@0-87><5@ (A<. ;5:.!29). </p> <p>1@0B8<>ABL @50:F88 AC;LD8@>20=8O 8A?>;L7CNB 4;O 70I8BK @50:F8>==>A?>A>1=KE ?>;>65=89 15=7>;L=>3> :>;LF0, ?>A:>;L:C AC;LD>3@C??0 <>65B 1KBL C40;5=0 459AB285< ?5@53@5B>3> 2>4O=>3> ?0@0 2 :8A;>9 A@545 ?@8 110-180<sup>></sup>! (?@>B>45AC;LD8@>20=85). !C;LD>3@C??>9 <>6=> 70I8B8BL ?0@0-?>;>65=85 2 B>;C>;5, 0=87>;5, 0=8;8=5 8 D5=>;5, =0?@8<5@: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=560 height=110 id="_x0000_i1043" src=Image414.gif></span></p> <p>5=7>; ?@8 459AB288 92-94%-=>9 A5@=>9 :8A;>BK ?@8 40-50<sup>></sup>! >1@07C5B 15=7>;AC;LD>:8A;>BC A 2KE>4>< 90-96%. 2545=85 >4=>9 AC;LD>3@C??K C<5=LH05B A:>@>ABL @50:F88 22545=8O 2B>@>9 AC;LD>3@C??K 2 10<sup>4 </sup>@07, ?>MB><C <i><5B0</i>-15=7>;AC;LD>:8A;>B0 ?>;CG05BAO ?@8 AC;LD8@>20=88 15=7>;0 2 65AB:8E CA;>28OE 871KB:>< 20%-=>3> >;5C<0 ?@8 100<sup>></sup>!. ;8B5;L=>5 =03@520=85 <i><5B0</i>-15=7>;AC;LD>:8A;>BK A 90%-=>9 A5@=>9 :8A;>B>9 ?@8 235<sup>></sup>! ?@82>48B : @02=>25A=>9 A<5A8, A>AB>OI59 87 66% <i><5B0</i>- 8 34% <i>?0@0</i>-15=7>;AC;LD>:8A;>BK. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=522 height=120 id="_x0000_i1042" src=Image415.gif></span></p> <p>">;C>; AC;LD8@C5BAO 2 =5A:>;L:> @07 1KAB@55 15=7>;0. @8 MB><, :0: ?@028;>, >1@07C5BAO A<5AL 2A5E B@5E 87><5@=KE B>;C>;AC;LD>:8A;>B. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=468 height=121 id="_x0000_i1041" src=Image416.gif></span></p> <p>-DD5:B82=K< AC;LD8@CNI8< 035=B>< O2;O5BAO E;>@AC;LD>=>20O :8A;>B0 !C;LD8@>20=85 0@><0B8G5A:8E A>548=5=89 E;>@AC;LD>=>2>9 :8A;>B>9 ?@54AB02;O5B A>1>9 42CEAB0489=K9 ?@>F5AA. 0 ?5@2>9 AB0488 >1@07C5BAO AC;LD>:8A;>B0. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=329 height=34 id="_x0000_i1040" src=Image417.gif></span></p> <p>0;55 >=0 2708<>459AB2C5B A E;>@AC;LD>=>2>9 :8A;>B>9 A >1@07>20=85< AC;LD>E;>@840. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=367 height=35 id="_x0000_i1039" src=Image418.gif></span></p> <p>;O B>3> GB>1K A<5AB8BL @02=>25A85 2?@02>, =5>1E>48<> 8A?>;L7>20BL 4-5-:@0B=K9 871KB>: ClSO<sub>3</sub>H. </p> <p><b><i>;:8;8@>20=85 ?> $@845;N-@0DBAC</i></b> </p> <p>;:8;8@>20=85 0@><0B8G5A:8E A>548=5=89 >ACI5AB2;ONB 459AB285< 0;:8;30;>35=84>2 2 ?@8ACBAB288 2 :0G5AB25 :0B0;870B>@0 :8A;>B LN8A0 (AlBr<sub>3</sub>, AlCl<sub>3</sub>, FeCl<sub>3</sub>, SbCl<sub>5</sub>, TiCl<sub>4</sub>, BF<sub>3</sub>, BCl<sub>3</sub>, SnCl<sub>4</sub> 8 4@.). !0<K< @0A?@>AB@0=5==K< :0B0;870B>@>< MB>9 @50:F88 O2;O5BAO AC1;8<8@>20==K9 E;>@8ABK9 0;N<8=89. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=324 height=43 id="_x0000_i1038" src=Image419.gif></span></p> <p>5E0=87< @50:F88 <>6=> ?@54AB028BL A;54CNI59 AE5<>9: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=660 height=87 id="_x0000_i1037" src=Image420.gif></span></p> <p>345 : = AlCl<sub>4</sub><sup>- </sup>; H<sub>2</sub>O 8;8 4@C3>5 >A=>20=85. </p> <p>!:>@>ABL @50:F88 ;8<8B8@C5BAO AB04859 >1@07>20=8O <span style='font-family: Symbol'>s</span>-:><?;5:A0. <br> ">G=>5 AB@>5=85 8=B5@<5480B0 (RCl <sup>.</sup>AlCl<sub>3</sub>) =5 8725AB=>. >6=> ?@54AB028BL F5;K9 @O4 AB@C:BC@ >B <>;5:C;O@=>3> :><?;5:A0 4> 48AA>F88@>20==KE :0@1>:0B8>=>2. <br> &nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=638 style='width:478.5pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p>RCl<span style='font-family:Wingdings;mso-char-type:symbol;mso-symbol-font-family: Wingdings'><span style='mso-char-type:symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:Wingdings'>&nbsp;</span></span> AlCl<sub>3</sub></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=96 height=53 id="_x0000_i1036" src=Image432.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p>R<sup>+</sup>AlCl<sub>4</sub><sup>-</sup></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p>R<sup>+</sup> + AlCl<sub>4</sub><sup>-</sup></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><>;5:C;O@=K9 :><?;5:A&nbsp;</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:>>@48=0F8>==K9 :><?;5:A&nbsp;</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:>=B0:B=0O 8>==0O ?0@0&nbsp;</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>A2>1>4=K5 8>=K</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>081>;55 25@>OB=>, GB> AB@>5=85 :><?;5:A>2 RX<sup>.</sup> MX<sub>n</sub> ?>AB5?5==> 87<5=O5BAO >B AB@C:BC@K :>>@48=0F8>==>3> :><?;5:A0 4> AB@C:BC@K 8>==>9 ?0@K 2 7028A8<>AB8 >B ?@8@>4K R. #G0AB85 2 @50:F88 <>;5:C;O@=KE :><?;5:A>2 8 A2>1>4=KE :0@1>:0B8>=>2 <0;>25@>OB=>. </p> <p>!?>A>1=>ABL 0B><0 30;>35=0 2 RX : :><?;5:A>>1@07>20=8N A AlCl<sub>3</sub> 8;8 4@C3>9 65AB:>9 :8A;>B>9 LN8A0 @57:> C<5=LH05BAO >B DB>@0 : 8>4C, 2A;54AB285 G53> 0:B82=>ABL 0;:8;30;>35=84>2 2 :0G5AB25 0;:8;8@CNI8E 035=B>2 2 @50:F88 $@845;O-@0DBA0 C<5=LH05BAO 2 @O4C RF&gt; RCl&gt; RBr&gt; RI. </p> <p> 50:F8>==0O A?>A>1=>ABL 30;>35=?@>872>4=KE 7028A8B B0:65 >B ?@8@>4K C3;52>4>@>4=>3> @048:0;0 8 C<5=LH05BAO 2 @O4C (C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>)<sub>3</sub>CX&gt; (C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>)<sub>2</sub>CHX&gt; C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>5</sub>CH<sub>2</sub>X&gt; CH<sub>2</sub>=CHCH<sub>2</sub>X&gt; R<sub>3</sub>CX&gt; R<sub>2</sub>CHX&gt; RCH<sub>2</sub>X&gt; CH<sub>3</sub>X. </p> <p>;:8;8@>20=85 0@5=>2 ?> $@845;N-@0DBAC :0: A8=B5B8G5A:89 <5B>4 8<55B B@8 A5@L57=KE =54>AB0B:0, >3@0=8G820NI8E 53> ?@8<5=5=85 2 >@30=8G5A:>< A8=B575. </p> <p>>-?5@2KE, @50:F8O 8<55B =87:CN A5;5:B82=>ABL ?> ?@>4C:BC <>=>70<5I5=8O, B0: :0: ?5@2>=0G0;L=> >1@07CNI89AO ?@>4C:B <>=>0;:8;8@>20=8O 1>;55 @50:F8>==>A?>A>15=, G5< 8AE>4=K9 0@5=. ;:8;8@>20=85 0@5=>2 0;:8;30;>35=840<8 ?@8 A>>B=>H5=88 @5035=B>2, 1;87:>< : M:28<>;O@=><C, ?@82>48B : >1@07>20=8N 7=0G8B5;L=>3> :>;8G5AB20 ?@>4C:B>2 ?>;80;:8;8@>20=8O. ;O B>3> GB>1K A25AB8 ?>;80;:8;8@>20=85 : <8=8<C<C, 8A?>;L7CNB 1>;LH>9 871KB>: 0@><0B8G5A:>3> C3;52>4>@>40, :>B>@K9 2K?>;=O5B @>;L 8 @5035=B0, 8 @0AB2>@8B5;O. </p> <p>>-2B>@KE, 2 E>45 @50:F88 ?@>8AE>48B 87><5@870F88 0;:8;8@CNI53> 035=B0, 2 @57C;LB0B5 G53> >1@07C5BAO A<5AL 87><5@=KE ?@>4C:B>2 0;:8;8@>20=8O. ;0AA8G5A:8< ?@8<5@>< O2;O5BAO 0;:8;8@>20=85 15=7>;0 =-?@>?8;E;>@84><, ?@82>4OI55 : A<5A8 <i>=</i>-?@>?8;- 8 87>?@>?8;15=7>;>2. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=531 height=103 id="_x0000_i1035" src=Image422.gif></span></p> <p>@8G8=0 >1@07>20=8O 87>?@>?8;15=7>;0 - 87><5@870F8O 1-E;>@?@>?0=0 2 2-E;>@?@>?0= ?>4 459AB285< :8A;>BK LN8A0. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=270 height=76 id="_x0000_i1034" src=Image421.gif></span></p> <p>>A:>;L:C 2B>@8G=K5 0;:8;30;>35=84K 2 @50:F88 0;:8;8@>20=8O 0@><0B8G5A:8E C3;52>4>@>4>2 1>;55 @50:F8>==>A?>A>1=K, G5< ?5@28G=K5, 4>;O 87><5@87>20==>3> ?@>4C:B0 >:07K205BAO 2KH5, G5< 0;:8;15=7>;0 A ?5@28G=>9 0;:8;L=>9 3@C??>9. > MB>9 ?@8G8=5 <i>=</i>-0;:8;15=7>;K F5;5A>>1@07=> ?>;CG0BL =5 0;:8;8@>20=85<, 0 0F8;8@>20=85< 0@5=>2 ?> $@845;N-@0DBAC A ?>A;54CNI8< 2>AAB0=>2;5=85< (A<. 40;55). </p> <p>"@5BL5 >3@0=8G5=85, ?@5?OBAB2CNI55 ?@8<5=5=8N @50:F88 0;:8;8@>20=8O ?> $@845;N-@0DBAC, A2O70=> A <83@0F859 0;:8;L=KE 3@C?? 2 :>=5G=>< ?@>4C:B5 @50:F88. ;:8;8@>20=85 ?> $@845;N-@0DBAC >B=>A8BAO : =5<=>3>G8A;5==>9 3@C??5 >1@0B8<KE @50:F89 M;5:B@>D8;L=>3> 0@><0B8G5A:>3> 70<5I5=8O, ?>4G8=ONI8EAO B5@<>48=0<8G5A:><C :>=B@>;N, :>340 2 ?@>4C:B0E @50:F88 ?@5>1;0405B 1>;55 AB018;L=K5 1,3-480;:8;- 8;8 1,3,5,-B@80;:8;15=7>;K. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=497 height=114 id="_x0000_i1033" src=Image423.gif></span></p> <p>@58<CI5AB25==>5 >1@07>20=85 ?@>4C:B>2 <i><5B0</i>-70<5I5=8O A2O70=> A <83@0F859 0;:8;L=KE 3@C?? 2 ?5@2>=0G0;L=> >1@07CNI8EAO ?@>4C:B0E 0;:8;8@>20=8O. "0:, ?@8 =03@520=88 <i>?</i>-:A8;>;0 2 ?@8ACBAB288 30;>35=>2>4>@>40 8 :8A;>BK LN8A0 >1@07C5BAO @02=>25A=0O A<5AL, 2 :>B>@>9 ?@5>1;0405B 1>;55 AB018;L=K9 <i><</i>-:A8;>;. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=271 height=113 id="_x0000_i1032" src=Image424.gif></span></p> <p> 65AB:8E CA;>28OE 87><5@870F8O 0;:8;15=7>;>2 ?@8>1@5B05B <56<>;5:C;O@=K9 E0@0:B5@, B0: GB> A0<8 >=8 <>3CB 2KABC?0BL 2 :0G5AB25 0;:8;8@CNI8E @5035=B>2 (?5@50;:8;8@>20=85). </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=371 height=65 id="_x0000_i1031" src=Image433.gif></span></p> <p>@><5 0;:8;30;>35=84>2 2 :0G5AB25 0;:8;8@CNI8E @5035=B>2 8A?>;L7CNB A?8@BK 2 ?@8ACBAB288 ?@>B>==KE :8A;>B 8;8 :8A;>B LN8A0: (H<sub>3</sub>PO<sub>4</sub>, H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>, BF<sub>3</sub>): </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=562 height=58 id="_x0000_i1030" src=Image425.gif></span></p> <p>8;8 0;:5=K 2 ?@8ACBAB288 ?@>B>==KE :8A;>B (H<sub>3</sub>PO<sub>4</sub>, HF) 8;8 A8AB5< HCl-AlCl<sub>3</sub>; HF-BF<sub>3</sub>: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=609 height=61 id="_x0000_i1029" src=Image426.gif></span></p> <p> MB8E A;CG0OE M;5:B@>D8;L=K<8 @5035=B0<8 O2;ONBAO :0@1>:0B8>=K 8;8 1;87:85 : =8< 8>==K5 ?0@K. ;:8;8@>20=85 A?8@B0<8 8 0;:5=0<8 8<55B B5 65 =54>AB0B:8, GB> 8 0;:8;8@>20=85 0;:8;30;>35=840<8. </p> <p>@><0B8G5A:85 A>548=5=8O, A>45@60I85 M;5:B@>=>0:F5?B>@=K5 70<5AB8B5;8 (NO<sub>2,</sub> NO,CN,COOR 8 4@.), =5 0;:8;8@CNBAO 2 CA;>28OE @50:F88 $@845;O-@0DBA0. @><0B8G5A:85 0<8=K 8 D5=>;K A2O7K20NB :8A;>BK LN8A0 2 =5@50:F8>==>A?>A>1=K9 4>=>@=>-0:F5?B>@=K9 :><?;5:A, 345 =5?>45;5==0O ?0@0 M;5:B@>=>2 :8A;>@>40 8;8 07>B0 :>>@48=8@C5BAO A 0B><>< <5B0;;0 :8A;>BK LN8A0. >MB><C 4;O 0;:8;8@>20=8O MB8E A>548=5=89 2 0@><0B8G5A:>5 O4@> 8A?>;L7CNB 4@C385 <5B>4K. </p> <p><b><i>F8;8@>20=85 ?> $@845;N-@0DBAC</i></b> </p> <p>F8;8@>20=85 0@5=>2 ?@>2>4OB 459AB285< E;>@0=384@84>2 8 0=384@84>2 :0@1>=>2KE :8A;>B 2 ?@8ACBAB288 :8A;>B LN8A0 (AlBr<sub>3</sub>, AlCl<sub>3</sub>, SbF<sub>5</sub>, BF<sub>3</sub>) :0: :0B0;870B>@>2. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=297 height=70 id="_x0000_i1028" src=Image427.gif></span></p> <p>-;5:B@>D8;L=K< @5035=B>< 2 @50:F88 0F8;8@>20=8O O2;O5BAO ;81> 4>=>@=>-0:F5?B>@=K9 :><?;5:A, :>B>@K9 >1@07CNB 0F8;30;>35=84K 8 0=384@84K :0@1>=>2KE :8A;>B A :8A;>B0<8 LN8A0, ;81> :0B8>= 0F8;8O, >1@07CNI89AO ?@8 53> 48AA>F80F88. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=513 height=72 id="_x0000_i1027" src=Image428.gif></span><br> &nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=638 style='width:478.5pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>4>=>@=>-0:F5?B>@=K9 :><?;5:A&nbsp;</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:0B8>= 0F8;8O</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p><br> &nbsp; </p> <p>5E0=87< @50:F88 0F8;8@>20=8O 0@5=>2 ?> $@845;N-@0DBAC ?>4 459AB285< 4>=>@=>-0:F5?B>@=>3> :><?;5:A0&nbsp; >?8AK205BAO A;54CNI59 AE5<>9: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=400 height=208 id="_x0000_i1026" src=Image429.gif></span></p> <p>1@07CNI89AO 0@><0B8G5A:89 :5B>= O2;O5BAO 1>;55 A8;L=K< >A=>20=85< LN8A0, G5< 0F8;30;>35=84 8 >1@07C5B AB018;L=K9 :><?;5:A A AlCl<sub>3</sub>. >MB><C ?@8 0F8;8@>20=88 0@><0B8G5A:8E A>548=5=89 0F8;30;>35=840<8 8A?>;L7CNB :>;8G5AB2> :0B0;870B>@0 =5A:>;L:> 1>;LH55 M:28<>;O@=>3>, 0 4;O 0F8;8@>20=8O 0=384@840<8 :8A;>B =5>4E>48<> 2 <>;L :0B0;870B>@0 (B.:. >1@07CNI0OAO 2 @50:F88 :8A;>B0 A2O7K205B :0B0;870B>@). 5B>= 2K45;ONB, @07;030O 53> :><?;5:A A AlCl<sub>3</sub> 2>4>9 8;8 A>;O=>9 :8A;>B>9. </p> <p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p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=505 height=94 id="_x0000_i1025" src=Image430.gif></span></p> </div> </body> </html> <b STYLE='DISPLAY: NONE;'>