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<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><b> '! !"+  !/</b> </p> <p>;0=</p> <ol start=1 type=1> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; mso-list:l1 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list 36.0pt'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'><a href="#@>B>==0O">@>B>==0O B5>@8O :8A;>B 8 >A=>20=89 @5=AB540.</a><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; mso-list:l1 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list 36.0pt'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'><a href="#;0AA8D8:0F8O">;0AA8D8:0F8O :8A;>B 8 >A=>20=89 ?> @5=AB54C.</a><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; mso-list:l1 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list 36.0pt'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'><a href="#;8O=85">;8O=85 AB@C:BC@=KE D0:B>@>2 =0 :8A;>B=>ABL 8 >A=>2=>ABL.</a><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; mso-list:l1 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list 36.0pt'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'><a href="#LN8A0">8A;>BK 8 >A=>20=8O LN8A0. "5>@8O 65AB:8E 8 <O3:8E :8A;>B 8 >A=>20=89.</a><o:p></o:p></span></li> </ol> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> =0AB>OI55 2@5<O ACI5AB2CNB 425 >A=>2=KE B5>@88 :8A;>B 8 >A=>20=89: B5>@8O @5=AB540 8 B5>@8O LN8A0. <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:72.0pt'><a name=@>B>==0O><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>@>B>==0O </span></b></a><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>B5>@8O :8A;>B 8 >A=>20=89 @5=AB540</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>8A;>BK @5=AB540  </span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>MB> A>548=5=8O, A?>A>1=K5 >B4020BL ?@>B>= (4>=>@K ?@>B>=0). <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><i>A=>20=8O @5=AB540  </i>MB> A>548=5=8O, A?>A>1=K5 ?@8A>548=OBL ?@>B>= (0:F5?B>@K ?@>B>=0). ;O 2708<>459AB28O A ?@>B>=>< >A=>20=85 4>;6=> 8<5BL A2>1>4=CN ?0@C M;5:B@>=>2 8;8 M;5:B@>=K <span style='font-family:Symbol'>p</span>-A2O78. </p> <p>8A;>BK 8 >A=>20=8O >1@07CNB A>?@O65==K5 :8A;>B=>B=>->A=>2=K5 ?0@K, =0?@8<5@: <br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=638 style='width:478.5pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>CH<sub>3</sub>COOH&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="12%" valign=top style='width:12.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>+<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="17%" valign=top style='width:17.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>H<sub>2</sub>O&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="12%" valign=top style='width:12.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=51 height=24 id="_x0000_i1060" src=Image323.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="17%" valign=top style='width:17.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>CH<sub>3</sub>COO<sup>-&nbsp;</sup><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>+&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>H<sub>3</sub>O<sup>+</sup><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:8A;>B01&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="12%" valign=top style='width:12.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="17%" valign=top style='width:17.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>>A=>20=852&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="12%" valign=top style='width:12.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="17%" valign=top style='width:17.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>>A=>20=851&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:8A;>B02<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p><br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=638 style='width:478.5pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;CH<sub>3</sub>NH<sub>2</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>+<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>H<sub>2</sub>O&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=51 height=24 id="_x0000_i1059" src=Image323.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>CH<sub>3</sub>NH<sub>3</sub><sup>+</sup><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>+<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="16%" valign=top style='width:16.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>OH<sup>-</sup><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>>A=>20=851<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:8A;>B02<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:8A;>B01<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="16%" valign=top style='width:16.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>>A=>20=852<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> >1I5< 2845: <br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=638 style='width:478.5pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>-&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>+<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="15%" valign=top style='width:15.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=51 height=24 id="_x0000_i1058" src=Image323.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="16%" valign=top style='width:16.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>+<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>-&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:8A;>B01&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="15%" valign=top style='width:15.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>>A=>20=852&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="16%" valign=top style='width:16.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>>A=>20=851&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="14%" valign=top style='width:14.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:8A;>B02<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>!8;0 :8A;>BK  1C45B 7028A5BL >B A8;K >A=>20=8O :. >MB><C 4;O A>740=8O 548=>9 H:0;K A8;C :8A;>B 8 >A=>20=89 @5=AB540 >?@545;ONB >B=>A8B5;L=> 2>4K, :>B>@0O O2;O5BAO 0<D>B5@=K< A>548=5=85< 8 <>65B ?@>O2;OBL 8 :8A;>B=K5, 8 >A=>2=K5 A2>9AB20. </p> <p>!8;0 :8A;>B >?@545;O5BAO :>=AB0=B>9 @02=>25A8O 8E 2708<>459AB28O A 2>4>9 :0: >A=>20=85<, =0?@8<5@: </p> <p>CH<sub>3</sub>COOH + H<sub>2</sub>O <span style='font-family:Symbol; mso-char-type:symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:Symbol'><span style='mso-char-type: symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:Symbol'>=</span></span> CH<sub>3</sub>COO<sup>-</sup> + H<sub>3</sub>O<sup>+</sup> </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=13 height=25 id="_x0000_i1057" src=Image305.gif></span><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=172 height=50 id="_x0000_i1056" src=Image306.gif></span></p> <p>"0: :0: 2 @07102;5==KE @0AB2>@0E [H<sub>2</sub>O]=const, B> 55 <>6=> 2=5AB8 2 :>=AB0=BC @02=>25A8O, :>B>@CN =07K20NB :>=AB0=B>9 :8A;>B=>AB8: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=261 height=50 id="_x0000_i1055" src=Image307.gif></span></p> <p>0 ?@0:B8:5 G0I5 ?>;L7CNBAO 25;8G8=0<8 pK<sub>a</sub>= - lg K<sub>a</sub>. '5< <5=LH5 25;8G8=0 pK<sub>a, </sub>B5< A8;L=55 :8A;>B0. </p> <p>!8;0 >A=>20=89 >?@545;O5BAO :>=AB0=B>9 @02=>25A8O 2708<>459AB28O 8E A 2>4>9 :0: :8A;>B>9: </p> <p>RNH<sub>2</sub> + H<sub>2</sub>O <span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-char-type: symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:Symbol'><span style='mso-char-type:symbol; mso-symbol-font-family:Symbol'>=</span></span> RNH<sub>3</sub><sup>+</sup> + OH<sup>-</sup> </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=146 height=58 id="_x0000_i1054" src=Image308.gif></span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; -&nbsp; :>=AB0=B0 >A=>2=>AB8.</p> <p>;O A>?@O65==KE :8A;>BK 8 >A=>20=8O K<sub>a</sub><sub><span style='font-family:Wingdings;mso-char-type:symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:Wingdings'><span style='mso-char-type:symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:Wingdings'>&nbsp;</span></span> </sub>K<sub>b</sub>=K<sub>W</sub>. "0:8< >1@07><, 2 A>?@O65==>9 :8A;>B=>->A=>2=>9 ?0@5, G5< A8;L=55 :8A;>B0, B5< A;0155 >A=>20=85 8 =0>1>@>B. !8;C >A=>20=8O G0I5 2K@060NB =5 :>=AB0=B>9 >A=>2=>AB8, 0 :>=AB0=B>9 :8A;>B=>AB8 A>?@O65==>9 :8A;>BK&nbsp;<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=43 height=29 id="_x0000_i1053" src=Image239.gif></span>. 0?@8<5@, 4;O >A=>20=8O RNH<sub>2</sub> 25;8G8=0&nbsp;<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=43 height=29 id="_x0000_i1052" src=Image239.gif></span>- MB> :>=AB0=B0 :8A;>B=>AB8 A>?@O65==>9 :8A;>BK&nbsp;<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=52 height=36 id="_x0000_i1051" src=Image309.gif></span>: </p> <p>RNH<sub>3</sub><sup>+</sup> + H<sub>2</sub>O <span style='font-family:Symbol; mso-char-type:symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:Symbol'><span style='mso-char-type: symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:Symbol'>=</span></span> RNH<sub>2</sub> + H<sub>3</sub><sup>+</sup> </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=321 height=53 id="_x0000_i1050" src=Image310.gif></span></p> <p style='margin-bottom:12.0pt'>0 ?@0:B8:5 G0I5 ?>;L7CNBAO 25;8G8=>9&nbsp;<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=134 height=29 id="_x0000_i1049" src=Image311.gif></span>. '5< 1>;LH5 25;8G8=0&nbsp;<span style='mso-no-proof: yes'><img border=0 width=52 height=29 id="_x0000_i1048" src=Image312.gif></span>, B5< A8;L=55 >A=>20=85. <br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; </p> <p><a name=;0AA8D8:0F8O><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>;0AA8D8:0F8O </span></b></a><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>>@30=8G5A:8E :8A;>B 8 >A=>20=89</span></b></p> <p>8A;>BK 8 >A=>20=8O @5=AB540 :;0AA8D8F8@CNB ?> ?@8@>45 0B><0 ?@8 :8A;>B=>< 8;8 >A=>2=>< F5=B@5. </p> <p> 7028A8<>AB8 >B ?@8@>4K M;5<5=B0, A :>B>@K< A2O70= ?@>B>=, @07;8G0NB G5BK@5 >A=>2=KE B8?0 >@30=8G5A:8E :8A;>B @5=AB540: </p> <ul type=disc> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; mso-list:l2 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list 36.0pt'><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>O-H  :8A;>BK</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'> - :0@1>=>2K5 :8A;>BK, A?8@BK, D5=>;K;<o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; mso-list:l2 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list 36.0pt'><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>S-H  :8A;>BK</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'> - B8>;K;<o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; mso-list:l2 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list 36.0pt'><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>N-H  :8A;>BK</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'> - 0<8=K, 0<84K, 8<84K;<o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto; mso-list:l2 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list 36.0pt'><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>C-H  :8A;>BK</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'> - C3;52>4>@>4K 8 8E ?@>872>4=K5.<o:p></o:p></span></li> </ul> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> 7028A8<>AB8 >B ?@8@>4K 0B><0, : =5?>45;5==>9 ?0@5 M;5:B@>=>2 :>B>@>3> ?@8A>548=O5BAO ?@>B>=, >A=>20=8O @5=AB540 45;OB =0 B@8 >A=>2=KE B8?0: <o:p></o:p></span></p> <ul type=disc> <ul type=circle> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo3;tab-stops:list 72.0pt'><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>0<<>=852K5 >A=>20=8O</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> - 0<8=K, =8B@8;K, 07>BA>45@60I85 35B5@>F8:;8G5A:85 A>548=5=8O;<o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo3;tab-stops:list 72.0pt'><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>>:A>=852K5 >A=>20=8O</span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> - A?8@BK, ?@>ABK5 MD8@K, 0;L45384K, :5B>=K, :0@1>=>2K5 :8A;>BK 8 8E DC=:F8>=0;L=K5 ?@>872>4=K5;<o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo3;tab-stops:list 72.0pt'><i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>AC;LD>=852K5 >A=>20=8O </span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>- B8>;K, AC;LD84K<i>.</i><o:p></o:p></span></li> </ul> </ul> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>A>1K9 B8? >A=>20=89 @5=AB540 ?@54AB02;ONB </span><span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>p</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>->A=>20=8O, 2 :>B>@KE F5=B@>< >A=>2=>AB8 O2;ONBAO M;5:B@>=K </span><span style='font-family:Symbol; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>p</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>-A2O78 (0;:5=K, 0@5=K). <br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><a name=;8O=85><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>;8O=85 </span></b></a><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>AB@C:BC@=KE D0:B>@>2 =0 >B=>A8B5;L=CN A8;C :8A;>B 8 >A=>20=89</span></b></p> <p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p> <p><b><i>;8O=85 AB@>5=8O =0 A8;C :8A;>B 8 >A=>20=89.</i></b></p> <p><u>8A;>BK @5=AB540.</u> </p> <p>!8;0 :8A;>BK 7028A8B >B ?@8@>4K 0B><0 ?@8 :8A;>B=>< F5=B@5 8 >B 53> AB@C:BC@=>3> >:@C65=8O. </p> <p>;O >F5=:8 >B=>A8B5;L=>9 A8;K :8A;>B 206=K B0:85 E0@0:B5@8AB8:8 0B><0 ?@8 :8A;>B=>< F5=B@5 :0: 53> M;5:B@>>B@8F0B5;L=>ABL 8 ?>;O@87C5<>ABL. </p> <p>@8 ?@>G8E @02=KE CA;>28OE 4;O M;5<5=B>2 >4=>3> ?5@8>40 A @>AB>< M;5:B@>>B@8F0B5;L=>AB8 0B><0 :8A;>B=>ABL A>548=5=89 C25;8G8205BAO, B0: :0: 2KA>:0O M;5:B@>>B@8F0B5;L=>ABL 0B><0 ?@8 :8A;>B=>< F5=B@5 AB018;878@C5B >1@07CNI89AO ?@8 >BI5?;5=88 ?@>B>=0 0=8>=. "0:, :8A;>B=>ABL C<5=LH05BAO 2 @O4C: </p> <p>OH-:8A;>BK&gt; NH-:8A;>BK&gt; CH-:8A;>BK</p> <p><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=638 style='width:478.5pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>CH<sub>3</sub>O-H&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>CH<sub>3</sub>NH-H&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>CH<sub>3</sub>CH<sub>2</sub>-H&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>pK<sub>a</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>16&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>30&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>40<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>-;5:B@>>B@8F0B5;L=>ABL 0B><0 7028A8B =5 B>;L:> >B 53> ?@8@>4K, => 8 >B B8?0 381@84870F88 8 2>7@0AB05B ?> <5@5 C25;8G5=8O s-E0@0:B5@0 381@84=KE >@18B0;59. 0@0;;5;L=> 2>7@0AB05B :8A;>B=>ABL A>548=5=89: <br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=562 style='width:421.5pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>!H<sub>3</sub>CH<sub>2</sub>-H&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>CH<sub>2</sub>=CH-H&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=90 height=31 id="_x0000_i1047" src=Image437.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>pK<sub>a</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>40<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>36&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>25<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>;O M;5<5=B>2 >4=>9 ?>43@C??K A 2>7@0AB0=85< 70@O40 O4@0 :8A;>B=>ABL A>548=5=89 C25;8G8205BAO: </p> <p>OH-:8A;>BK &lt; SH-:8A;>BK</p> <p><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=638 style='width:478.5pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>CH<sub>3</sub>O-H&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>CH<sub>3</sub>S-H<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>pK<sub>a&nbsp;</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>16,0&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>10,5<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>#25;8G5=85 :8A;>B=>AB8 A>548=5=89, =5A<>B@O =0 A=865=85 M;5:B@>>B@8F0B5;L=>AB8 0B><>2 2 ?>43@C??5, A2O70=> A C25;8G5=85< 8E ?>;O@87C5<>AB8 ?> <5@5 2>7@0AB0=8O @048CA0 0B><0. >;LH0O ?>;O@87C5<>ABL 0B><0 A?>A>1AB2C5B ;CGH59 45;>:0;870F88 >B@8F0B5;L=>3> 70@O40 8 ?>2KH5=8N AB018;L=>AB8 A>?@O65==>3> >A=>20=8O. </p> <p>@8 >48=0:>2>9 ?@8@>45 0B><0 ?@8 :8A;>B=>< F5=B@5 A8;0 :8A;>BK >?@545;O5BAO 53> AB@C:BC@=K< >:@C65=85<. #25;8G5=8N A8;K :8A;>BK A?>A>1AB2C5B 45;>:0;870F8O >B@8F0B5;L=>3> 70@O40 2 A>?@O65==>< >A=>20=88 (0=8>=5) 8 53> @0AA@54>B>G5=85 =0 1>;LH5< :>;8G5AB25 0B><>2. </p> <p>"0:, :0@1>=>2K5 :8A;>BK  >4=8 87 A0<KE A8;L=KE >@30=8G5A:8E :8A;>B. E A8;0 >1CA;>2;5=0 AB018;870F859 :0@1>:A8;0B-0=8>=0 70 AG5B 45;>:0;870F88 >B@8F0B5;L=>3> 70@O40 2 A>?@O65==>9 A8AB5<5.  @57C;LB0B5 >B@8F0B5;L=K9 70@O4 2 :0@1>:A8;0B-0=8>=5 @0AA@54>B>G5= <564C 42C<O 0B><0<8 :8A;>@>40, 0 >15 A2O78 !-O 01A>;NB=> @02=>F5==K: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=319 height=79 id="_x0000_i1046" src=Image313.gif></span></p> <p>$5=>;K O2;ONBAO 1>;55 A8;L=K<8 :8A;>B0<8, G5< A?8@BK, 70 AG5B @57>=0=A=>9 AB018;870F88 D5=>;OB-0=8>=0, >B@8F0B5;L=K9 70@O4 :>B>@>3> 45;>:0;87>20= ?> 0@><0B8G5A:><C :>;LFC: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=427 height=76 id="_x0000_i1045" src=Image314.gif></span></p> <p> @57C;LB0B5 ?> A8;5 >@30=8G5A:85 OH-:8A;>BK <>3CB 1KBL @0A?>;>65=K 2 A;54CNI89 @O4: <br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=638 style='width:478.5pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>ROH&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&lt;&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>H<sub>2</sub>O&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&lt;&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>ArOH<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&lt;&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>RCOOH<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>pK<sub>a</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>16-17&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>15,7&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>8-11&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="13%" valign=top style='width:13.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>4-5<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p><br> &nbsp; </p> <p>2545=85 70<5AB8B5;O 2 A2O70==K9 A :8A;>B=K< F5=B@>< C3;52>4>@>4=K9 @048:0; 2;8O5B =0 A8;C :8A;>BK. -;5:B@>=>0:F5?B>@=K5 70<5AB8B5;8 C25;8G820NB, 0 M;5:B@>=>4>=>@=K5 - C<5=LH0NB :8A;>B=>ABL. ;8O=85 M;5:B@>=>0:F5?B>@=KE 70<5AB8B5;59 A2O70=> A 8E A?>A>1=>ABLN 45;>:0;87>20BL >B@8F0B5;L=K9 70@O4 8, B5< A0<K< AB018;878@>20BL A>?@O65==>5 >A=>20=85 (0=8>=). ;8O=85 M;5:B@>=>4>=>@=KE 70<5AB8B5;59 =0?@>B82 ?@82>48B : 45AB018;870F88 0=8>=0. </p> <p>-;5:B@>=>0:F5?B>@=K5 70<5AB8B5;8 C25;8G820NB A8;C 0;8D0B8G5A:8E 8 0@><0B8G5A:8E :0@1>=>2KE :8A;>B, M;5:B@>=>4>=>@=K5 70<5AB8B5;8 459AB2CNB 2 ?@>B82>?>;>6=>< =0?@02;5=88: <br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=488 style='width:366.0pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Cl-CH<sub>2</sub>-COOH&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>H-COOH&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>CH<sub>3</sub>-COOH<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>pK<sub>a</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>2,8&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>3,7&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>4,7&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p><br> &nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=557 style='width:417.75pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes;height:42.75pt'> <td width="12%" valign=top style='width:12.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt; height:42.75pt'></td> <td width="29%" valign=top style='width:29.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt; height:42.75pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=168 height=55 id="_x0000_i1044" src=Image436.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="29%" valign=top style='width:29.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt; height:42.75pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=117 height=55 id="_x0000_i1043" src=Image435.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="29%" valign=top style='width:29.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt; height:42.75pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=156 height=55 id="_x0000_i1042" src=Image434.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1'> <td width="12%" valign=top style='width:12.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="29%" valign=top style='width:29.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>+M &gt; -I<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="29%" valign=top style='width:29.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="29%" valign=top style='width:29.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>-M 8  I<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:2;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="12%" valign=top style='width:12.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>pK<sub>a</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="29%" valign=top style='width:29.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>4,47<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="29%" valign=top style='width:29.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>4,20<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="29%" valign=top style='width:29.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>3,43<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>=0;>38G=>5 2;8O=85 >:07K20NB 70<5AB8B5;8 =0 :8A;>B=>ABL A?8@B>2 8 D5=>;>2. <br> &nbsp; </p> <p><u>A=>20=8O @5=AB540.</u> </p> <p>@8 >48=0:>2>< AB@C:BC@=>< >:@C65=88 4;O M;5<5=B>2 >4=>3> ?5@8>40 A @>AB>< M;5:B@>>B@8F0B5;L=>AB8 0B><0 ?@8 >A=>2=>< F5=B@5 >A=>2=>ABL A>548=5=89 C<5=LH05BAO: </p> <p>0<<>=852K5 >A=>20=8O &gt; >:A>=852K5 >A=>20=8<u>O</u></p> <p><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=638 style='width:478.5pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>ROH&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>RNH<sub>2</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=52 height=29 id="_x0000_i1041" src=Image312.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>~2&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>~10<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>!=865=85 >A=>2=>AB8 A2O70=> A B5<, GB> 1>;55 M;5:B@>>B@8F0B5;L=K9 0B>< ?@>G=55 C45@68205B =5?>45;5==CN ?0@C M;5:B@>=>2, :>B>@CN >= 4>;65= >B40BL =0 >1@07>20=85 A2O78 A ?@>B>=><. </p> <p>#25;8G5=8O s-E0@0:B5@0 381@84=KE >@18B0;59 ?@82>48B : A=865=8N >A=>2=>AB8: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=385 height=94 id="_x0000_i1040" src=Image438.gif></span></p> <p>;O M;5<5=B>2 >4=>9 ?>43@C??K A 2>7@0AB0=85< 70@O40 O4@0 >A=>2=>ABL C<5=LH05BAO: </p> <p>>:A>=852K5 >A=>20=8O &gt; AC;LD>=852K5 >A=>20=8O</p> <p>2545=85 M;5:B@>=>4>=>@=KE 70<5AB8B5;59 C25;8G8205B, 0 22545=85 M;5:B@>0:F5?B>@=KE - ?>=8605B >A=>2=>ABL. "0:, M;5:B@>=>4>=>@=K5 70<5AB8B5;8 C25;8G820NB >A=>2=>ABL 0;8D0B8G5A:8E 8 0@><0B8G5A:8E 0<8=>2, C25;8G820O A:;>==>ABL M;5:B@>==>9 ?0@K 07>B0 : 0B0:5 ?@>B>=0. -;5:B@>=>0:F5?B>@=K5 70<5AB8B5;8 =0?@>B82 A=860NB M;5:B@>==CN ?;>B=>ABL =5?>45;5==>9 ?0@K M;5:B@>=>2 07>B0 8 45;0NB 55 <5=55 2>A?@88<G82>9 4;O 0B0:8 ?@>B>=><: <br> &nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=637 style='width:477.75pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="20%" valign=top style='width:20.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'></td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=81 height=52 id="_x0000_i1039" src=Image442.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="12%" valign=top style='width:12.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=45 height=52 id="_x0000_i1038" src=Image441.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="18%" valign=top style='width:18.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=87 height=53 id="_x0000_i1037" src=Image440.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="17%" valign=top style='width:17.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=84 height=84 id="_x0000_i1036" src=Image439.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="20%" valign=top style='width:20.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=52 height=29 id="_x0000_i1035" src=Image312.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="12%" valign=top style='width:12.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>9,2<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="18%" valign=top style='width:18.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>10,6<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="17%" valign=top style='width:17.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>10,7<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>A;8 A2>1>4=0O ?0@0 M;5:B@>=>2 07>B0 =0E>48BAO 2 A>?@O65=85 A 42>9=>9 A2O7LN 8;8 0@><0B8G5A:8< :>;LF><, >A=>2=>ABL A=8605BAO. "0:, 2 0=8;8=5 A2>1>4=0O ?0@0 M;5:B@>=>2 07>B0 A>?@O65=0 A 0@><0B8G5A:8< :>;LF><. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=474 height=78 id="_x0000_i1034" src=Image318.gif></span></p> <p>@>B>=8@>20=85 0=8;8=0 ?@82>48B : =0@CH5=8N A>?@O65=8O 8 M=5@35B8G5A:8 <5=55 2K3>4=>, G5< ?@>B>=8@>20=85 0;8D0B8G5A:8E 0<8=>2. <br> &nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=689 style='width:516.75pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="32%" valign=top style='width:32.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="20%" valign=top style='width:20.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=78 height=54 id="_x0000_i1033" src=Image443.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="22%" valign=top style='width:22.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=97 height=60 id="_x0000_i1032" src=Image444.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=149 height=64 id="_x0000_i1031" src=Image445.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="32%" valign=top style='width:32.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=52 height=29 id="_x0000_i1030" src=Image312.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="20%" valign=top style='width:20.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>10,6<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="22%" valign=top style='width:22.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>4,6<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>0,9<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p><84K :0@1>=>2KE :8A;>B O2;ONBAO >G5=L A;01K<8 >A=>20=8O<8 87-70 A>?@O65=8O ?0@K M;5:B@>=>2 07>B0 A :0@1>=8;L=>9 3@C??>9.  @57C;LB0B5 0B>< 07>B0 ?@8>1@5B05B G0AB8G=K9 ?>;>68B5;L=K9, 0 0B>< :8A;>@>40  G0AB8G=K9 >B@8F0B5;L=K9 70@O4, 8 ?@>B>=8@>20=85 0<84>2 ?@>8AE>48B, :0: ?@028;>, ?> 0B><C :8A;>@>40. </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=321 height=78 id="_x0000_i1029" src=Image320.gif></span></p> <p>A=>2=>ABL 07>BA>45@60I8E 35B5@>F8:;8G5A:8E A>548=5=89 B0:65 >?@545;O5BAO 4>ABC?=>ABLN ?0@K M;5:B@>=>2 07>B0 4;O 0B0:8 ?@>B>=0. KA>:>9 >A=>2=>ABLN >1;040NB =0AKI5==K5 07>BA>45@60I85 35B5@>F8:;K, 2 :>B>@KE 0B>< 07>B0 =0E>48BAO 2 A>AB>O=88 sp<sup>3</sup>-381@84870F88. A=>2=>ABL ?8@848=852>3> 0B><0 07>B0 (sp<sup>2</sup>-381@84870F8O) =865. 0:>=5F, ?8@@>;L=K9 0B>< 07>B0 ?@0:B8G5A:8E ;8H5= >A=>2=KE A2>9AB2, B0: :0: 53> ?@>B>=8@>20=85 >7=0G05B @07@CH5=85 0@><0B8G5A:>9 35B5@>F8:;8G5A:>9 A8AB5<K: <br> &nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=477 style='width:357.75pt;mso-cellspacing:0cm;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=56 height=77 id="_x0000_i1028" src=Image446.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=54 height=73 id="_x0000_i1027" src=Image447.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=64 height=81 id="_x0000_i1026" src=Image448.gif></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>pK<sub>a</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>11,27<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>5,2<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="25%" valign=top style='width:25.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>- 0.3<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p><br> &nbsp; </p> <p><a name=LN8A0><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>8A;>BK </span></b></a><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>8 >A=>20=8O LN8A0</span></b></p> <p>6. LN8A>< 1K;0 ?@54;>65=0 1>;55 >1I0O B5>@8O :8A;>B 8 >A=>20=89. </p> <p><i>A=>20=8O LN8A0  </i>MB> 4>=>@K ?0@K M;5:B@>=>2 (A?8@BK, 0;:>3>;OB-0=8>=K, ?@>ABK5 MD8@K, 0<8=K 8 B.4.) </p> <p><i>8A;>BK LN8A0  </i>MB> 0:F5?B>@K ?0@K M;5:B@>=>2<i>, </i>B.5. A>548=5=8O, 8<5NI85 20:0=B=CN >@18B0;L (8>= 2>4>@>40 8 :0B8>=K <5B0;;>2: H<sup>+</sup>, Ag<sup>+</sup>, Na<sup>+</sup>, Fe<sup>2+</sup>; 30;>35=84K M;5<5=B>2 2B>@>3> 8 B@5BL53> ?5@8>4>2 BF<sub>3</sub>, AlCl<sub>3</sub>, FeCl<sub>3</sub>, ZnCl<sub>2</sub>; 30;>35=K; A>548=5=8O >;>20 8 A5@K: SnCl<sub>4</sub>, SO<sub>3</sub>). </p> <p>"0:8< >1@07><, >A=>20=8O @5=AB540 8 LN8A0  MB> >4=8 8 B5 65 G0AB8FK. 4=0:> >A=>2=>ABL ?> @5=AB54C 5ABL A?>A>1=>ABL ?@8A>548=OBL B>;L:> ?@>B>=, 2 B> 2@5<O :0: >A=>2=>ABL ?> LN8AC  ?>=OB85 1>;55 H8@>:>5 8 >7=0G05B A?>A>1=>ABL : 2708<>459AB28N A ;N1>9 G0AB8F59, 8<5NI59 =87:>;560ICN A2>1>4=CN >@18B0;L. </p> <p>8A;>B=>->A=>2=>5 2708<>459AB285 ?> LN8AC 5ABL 4>=>@>-0:F5?B>@=>5 2708<>459AB285 8 ;N1CN 35B5@>;8B8G5A:CN @50:F8N <>6=> ?@54AB028BL :0: 2708<>459AB285 :8A;>BK 8 >A=>20=8O LN8A0: </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=256 height=163 id="_x0000_i1025" src=Image322.gif></span></p> <p>48=>9 H:0;K 4;O A@02=5=8O A8;K :8A;>B 8 >A=>20=89 LN8A0 =5 ACI5AB2C5B, B0: :0: 8E >B=>A8B5;L=0O A8;0 1C45B 7028A5BL >B B>3>, :0:>5 25I5AB2> 27OB> 70 AB0=40@B (4;O :8A;>B 8 >A=>20=89 @5=AB540 B0:8< AB0=40@B>< O2;O5BAO 2>40). ;O >F5=:8 ;53:>AB8 ?@>B5:0=8O :8A;>B=>->A=>2=>3> 2708<>459AB28O ?> LN8AC . 8@A>=>< 1K;0 ?@54;>65=0 :0G5AB25==0O B5>@8O  65AB:8E 8  <O3:8E :8A;>B 8 >A=>20=89. </p> <p><i>5AB:85 >A=>20=8O </i>>1;040NB 2KA>:>9 M;5:B@>>B@8F0B5;L=>ABLN 8 =87:>9 ?>;O@87C5<>ABLN. =8 B@C4=> >:8A;ONBAO. E 2KAH85 70=OBK5 <>;5:C;O@=K5 >@18B0;8 () 8<5NB =87:CN M=5@38N. </p> <p><i>O3:85 >A=>20=8O </i>8<5NB =87:CN M;5:B@>>B@8F0B5;L=>ABL 8 2KA>:CN ?>;O@87C5<>ABL. =8 ;53:> >:8A;ONBAO. E 2KAH85 70=OBK5 <>;5:C;O@=K5 >@18B0;8 () 8<5NB 2KA>:CN M=5@38N. </p> <p><i>5AB:85 :8A;>BK </i>8<5NB 2KA>:CN M;5:B@>>B@8F0B5;L=>ABL 8 =87:CN ?>;O@87C5<>ABL. =8 B@C4=> 2>AAB0=02;820NBAO. E =87H85 A2>1>4=K5 <>;5:C;O@=K5 >@18B0;8 (!) 8<5NB =87:CN M=5@38N. </p> <p><i>O3:85 :8A;>BK </i>>1;040NB =87:>9 M;5:B@>>B@8F0B5;L=>ABLN 8 2KA>:>9 ?>;O@87C5<>ABLN. =8 ;53:> 2>AAB0=02;820NBAO. E =87H85 A2>1>4=K5 <>;5:C;O@=K5 >@18B0;8 (!) 8<5NB 2KA>:CN M=5@38N. </p> <p>!0<0O 65AB:0O :8A;>B0 - <sup>+</sup>, A0<0O <O3:0O  !<sub>3</sub>Hg<sup>+</sup>. 081>;55 65AB:85 >A=>20=8O  F<sup>-</sup> 8 OH<sup>-</sup>, =081>;55 <O3:85  I<sup>-</sup> 8 <sup>-</sup>. </p> <p><b><i>"01;8F0 6.1.&nbsp; 5AB:85 8 <O3:85 :8A;>BK 8 >A=>20=8O.</i></b> <br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; </p> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=1 cellpadding=0 width=623 style='width:467.25pt; mso-cellspacing:1.5pt;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>5AB:85<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>@><56CB>G=K5<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>O3:85<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1'> <td colspan=3 valign=top style='padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>8A;>BK<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:2'> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>H<sup>+</sup>, Na<sup>+</sup>, K<sup>+</sup>, Mg<sup>2+</sup>, Ca<sup>2+</sup>, Al<sup>3+</sup>, Fe<sup>3+</sup>, BF<sub>3</sub>, AlCl<sub>3</sub>, RC<sup>+</sup>=O<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Cu<sup>2+</sup>, Fe<sup>2+</sup>, Zn<sup>2+</sup>, R<sub>3</sub>C<sup>+</sup><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Ag<sup>+</sup>, Hg<sup>2+</sup>, I<sub>2</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:3'> <td colspan=3 valign=top style='padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>A=>20=8O<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:4;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>H<sub>2</sub>O, OH<sup>-</sup>, F<sup>-</sup>, ROH, RO<sup>-</sup>, R<sub>2</sub>O, NH<sub>3</sub>, RNH<sub>2</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>ArNH<sub>2</sub>, Br<sup>-</sup>, C<sub>5</sub>H<sub>5</sub>N<o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td width="33%" valign=top style='width:33.0%;padding:5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt 5.25pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span lang=EN-US style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:EN-US'>R<sub>2</sub>S, RSH, RS<sup>-</sup>, I<sup>-</sup>, H<sup>-</sup>, C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>4</sub>, C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>6</sub><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>@8=F8? 65AB:8E 8 <O3:8E :8A;>B 8 >A=>20=89 8@A>=0 (?@8=F8? ): </p> <p><i>5AB:85 :8A;>BK ?@58<CI5AB25==> 2708<>459AB2CNB A 65AB:8<8 >A=>20=8O<8, 0 <O3:85 :8A;>BK  A <O3:8<8 >A=>20=8O<8.</i> </p> <p>-B> 2K@0605BAO 2 1>;LH8E A:>@>ABOE @50:F89 8 2 >1@07>20=88 1>;55 CAB>9G82KE A>548=5=89, B0: :0: 2708<>459AB285 <564C 1;87:8<8 ?> M=5@388 >@18B0;O<8 MDD5:B82=55, G5< 2708<>459AB285 <564C >@18B0;O<8, 7=0G8B5;L=> @07;8G0NI8<8AO ?> M=5@388. </p> <p>@8=F8?  8A?>;L7CNB 4;O >?@545;5=8O ?@58<CI5AB25==>3> =0?@02;5=8O :>=:C@8@CNI8E ?@>F5AA>2 (@50:F88 M;8<8=8@>20=8O 8 =C:;5>D8;L=>3> 70<5I5=8O, @50:F88 A CG0AB85< 0<1845=B=KE =C:;5>D8;>2); 4;O =0?@02;5==>3> A>740=8O 45B>:A8:0=B>2 8 ;5:0@AB25==KE ?@5?0@0B>2. </p> </div> </body> </html> <b STYLE='DISPLAY: NONE;'>